United League of Arakan/Arakan Army (ULA/AA)

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SUMMARY

Founded: 10 April, 2009

Headquarters: KIA – controlled area in Kachin State.

Active Territories: Kachin State, Northern Shan State, Paletwa in Chin State and the entire Arakan State.

Strength: More than 30,000

Commander-in-Chief: General Twan Mrat Naing

Deputy Commander-in-Chief: Dr. Nyo Twan Awng

Secretary (1): Colonel Kyaw Han

The United League of Arakan/Arakan Army (ULA/AA) joined forces with the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) and began its fight against the Tatmadaw (military). The armed group is a close ally of the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO/KIA), the Palaung State Liberation Front (PSLF/TNLA), and the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA). As a member of the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC), the ULA/AA participated in the peace process in Myanmar with the U Thein Sein administration, but was rejected when the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) was signed.

Clashes between the AA and the Tatmadaw continue unabated. Fighting between the two sides intensified in 2019 and 2020 and expanded into Kachin State, northern Shan State, Rakhine State, and Paletwa Township in Chin State.

Following the 2020 Election, fighting between the United League of Arakan/Arakan Army (ULA/AA) and the military council stopped suddenly. With the talks of holding elections for skipped constituencies, a truce was reached through an understanding between the ULA/AA and the military council. Following the 2021 military coup, some clashes between the military council army and the ULA/AA had resumed, and there was competition between the military council and the ULA/AA for territorial control in Arakan State.

The ULA/AA had some discussions with the military group due to the participation in the Federal Political Negotiation and Consultative Committee (FPNCC) and the intervention of the Chinese government. On the other hand, clashes broke out between military council forces and the joint forces of the Northern Alliance—the Kachin Independence Army (KIA), the Ta’ang National Liberation Army (TNLA) and the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA).

It must be said that the ULA/AA is involved in the Spring Revolution if you consider the congratulatory statements sent to the forces of the Spring Revolution, such as the Student Armed Force (SAF), the Yaw Defence Force (YDF), the Bamar People’s Liberation Army (BPLA), the Karenni Nationalities Defense Force (KNDF), the People’s Revolution Alliance (PRA) (Magway), including statements about military training and assistance provided by The Brotherhood Alliance, which includes the ULA/AA.

The Alliance Relations Committee (ARC) of the National Unity Government (NUG) officially held online meetings with the leaders of the ULA/AA. The role of ULA/AA during the Spring Revolution is likely to materialize. At the ceremony to mark the 14th anniversary of the ULA/AA on 10 April 2023, nearly 30 organizations such as the Brotherhood Alliance, Ethnic Revolutionary Organizations (EROs), the People’s Defense Forces (PDFs) and the NUG sent congratulatory messages.

Clashes with the military council force There were 81 clashes in 2020, five in 2021 and 90 in 2022.
Clashes with the EROs There were two clashes with the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) in 2023.

 

Fighting
2015 – 5+
2016 – 10+
2019 – 192
2020 – 104
2021 – 5
2022 (March) –


Ceasefires and Peace Process
Non-ceasefire signatory EAO


Official Representative Team
Colonel Kyaw Han
Spokesperson – Khaing Thu Kha


Liaison Offices
None

Alliances
FPNCC, Northern Alliance Burma


Contact
Website: http://thearakanarmy.com/
Email: [email protected]


Meetings

 


Developments

 


Statements

26 Aug 2021 – ULA released a statement regarding covid 19

19 Aug 2021 – ULA released a statement regarding extending 1 week staying at home

07 Aug 2021 – ULA released a statement No. 6-2021

04 Aug 2021 – ULA released a statement No.5-2021

20 Jul 2021 – ULA released a statement regarding stay at home

19 Mar 2019 – ULA released a condemnation Letter in 2019

07 Jan 2019 – ULA released a statement No.1/2019 (Bur)

27 Dec 2018 – Northern Alliance released a statement

24 Dec 2018 – MNDAA – TNLA – AA – Joint – Statement regarding Tatmadaw’s statement

12 Dec 2018 – ULA-MNTJP-PSLF-Joint-Statement regarding moving Myanmar Peace Process

08 May 2018 – Northern Alliance released a statement on Myanmar Army’s intensified offensive attacks in Kachin Region(Bur)

08 May 2018 – Northern Alliance released a statement on Myanmar Army’s intensified offensive attacks in Kachin Region(Eng)

08 May 2018 – Northern Alliance released a statement on Myanmar Army’s intensified offensive attacks in Kachin Region(Chinese)

03 Feb 2018 – Northern Alliance released a condemnation statement in 2018

17 Jan 2018 – Northern Alliance released a statement No.1/2018 (Bur)

05 Nov 2017 – ULA released a statement

23 May 2017 – ULA released a statement

05 Mar 2017 – ULA released a statement regarding 100 year of Anglo Kuki War

23 Jan 2017 – Northern Alliance released a statement No.1/2017 (Bur)

31 Dec 2016 – ULA released a statement regarding 232 year of losing Arakan kingdom

22 Dec 2016 – Northern Alliance released a statement No.6/2016 (Bur)

22 Dec 2016 – Northern Alliance released a statement No.6/2016 (Chinese)

22 Dec 2016 – Northern Alliance released a statement No.6/2016 (Chinese)

21 Dec 2016 – Northern Alliance released a statement No.5/2016(Eng)

21 Dec 2016 – Northern Alliance released a statement No.5/2016(Chinese)

04 Dec 2016 – Northern Alliance released a statement in order to end civil war in Myanmar (Bur)

04 Dec 2016 – Northern Alliance released a statement in order to end civil war in Myanmar (Eng)

04 Dec 2016 – Northern Alliance released a statement in order to end civil war in Myanmar (Chinese)

21 May 2016 – AA-MNDAA-PSLF-Joint-Statement regarding Tatmadaw’s Peace Strategy

29 Feb 2016 – ULA released a condemnation Letter in 2016

18 Nov 2015 – AA-MNDAA-PSLF-Joint-Statement-on-18th-Nov-2015

20 Oct 2015 – AA released a 6/2015 statement (Bur)

20 Oct 2015 – AA released a 6/2015 statement (Eng)

05 Aug 2015 – AA-MNDAA-TNLA-open call to sign peace agreement

10 Sep 2015 – AA, MNDAA and TNLA released a statement on EAOs – President meeting

05 Aug 2015 – AA, MNDAA and TNLA released a joint statement to call for ceasefire (Eng)

05 Aug 2015 – AA, MNDAA and TNLA released a joint statement to call for ceasefire (Bur)

28 Apr 2015 – AA statement on current conflicts in Rakhine state

22 Mar 2015 – Arakan Army (Kachin) released a statement on current political and military situations

01 Mar, 2015 – MNDAA, TNLA and AA released a joint statement

Nov 20, 2014 – Arakan Army released a statement on Myanmar army attacks KIA academy

10 Apr 2014 – 5th Anniversary of Arakan Army held in laiza, Kachin State

22 Mar 2014 – Arakan Army released a statement to boycott census related Rohingya terms


Reference: Deciphering Myanmar’s Peace Process – A Reference Guide (2022 – 2023)


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