Chin National Front
Founded: March 20th, 1988
The Chin National Front (CNF) was formed on 20 March 1988, dedicated to securing the self-determination of the Chin people, to restore democracy, and to establish a federal Union of Burma. They are based along the Indo-Myanmar border and other locations inside Chin State. At least 70 CNA soldiers were killed during fighting with the Myanmar military between 1988 and 2012. After 2003, fighting with government troops stopped. CNF has opposed the 2008 Constitution.
The Chin National Front (CNF), which fights for self-determination, democracy, and the establishment of a federal union along the India-Myanmar border, rejects the 2008 junta-drafted constitution.
The CNF signed ceasefire agreements at the state and union levels in January and May 2012 under U Thein Sein administration. The group also signed the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) on October 15th, 2015, and it is participating in the peace process under the NCA.
On the other hand, the CNF issued a statement after its seventh conference in 2020, calling for an end to the fighting between the Arakan Army (AA) and the Tatmadaw in Paletwa Township, Chin State, as the escalating fighting between the two sides was affecting the Chin people in the area.
The group’s conference formulated three political goals: the restoration of self-government, the creation of a federal union that guarantees equality, and the realization of democracy.
Ceasefire & Peace Process:
11th resistance group to sign ceasefire with the government
Stage 1: State level ceasefire 6 Jan 2012
# Post-Ceasefire Clashes:
Official delegation team:
Alliance: PPST, UPDJC, JMC member
* Member of Chin Peace and
Economic liaison office:
|#||Date||Location||Armed Group Rep||Govt Rep||Details|
|1||19/11/2011||Mae Sai, Thailand||Dr. Sui Khar and Pu Zing Cung||Aung Min||Preliminary discussions, informal ceasefire|
|2||06/01/2012||Hakha, Chin state||Joint Gen-Sec Dr. Sui Khar, 10-member delegation||Aung Min||State-level: 9-point ceasefire agreement was signed. Members of the govt delegation included: Forestry Minister Win Tun, State level peace and stability committee members and Chin state Security and Border Affairs Minister Colonel Zaw Min Oo, Strategic Command Commander Lieutenant Colonel Ko Ko Gyi and 5 state govt cabinet members.|
|3||07/05/2012||Hakha, Chin state||Aung Min||Union level: 15-point peace agreement signed. These included travel restrictions lifted for CNF members in Myanmar and travel visas allowed for resettled Chin. Other participants included: MPSI Consultant Ashley South, Executive Director of Chin Human Rights Organization Salai Bawi Lian Mang.|
|4||07/12/2012||MPC, Yangon||Secretary Pu Zing Cung and Sec-Gen Dr. Sui Khar and other leaders||Aung Min||2nd Union level meeting: 28-point agreement signed. An agreement to form an independent commission on human rights abuses in Chin state was decided. Govt participants included: U Tin Maung Than, U Hla Maung Shwe, U Kyaw Soe Hlaing, Dr. Min Zaw Oo, Dr. Kyaw Yin Hlaing, U Thihan Myo Ngunt, U Aung Naing Oo, U Ne Myo Naing, Colonel Chit Ko Ko and U Tin Aung Moe. International observers included: Kristine Gould (PACRIM Research Associates); USA, Mr. Yohei Sasakawa, (chairman of Nippon Foundation), Mr. Yiji Mori (Nippon Foundation), Ms. Suzuka Yoshida (Nippon Foundation); Japan, Charles Petrie ( MPSI), Mai Chin Chin (Shalom Foundation; Yangon, Salai Bawi Lian Mang, (Executive Director of Chin Human Rights Organization); Indo-Myanmar border|
|5||31/08/2013||Nay Pyi Taw||RCSS + KNU+ CNF (Gen. Mu Tuu Say Phoe, Maj. Tu Tu Lay from KNU, Maj. Sai La and Maj. Sai Mein from RCSS)||“Vice president Sai Mauk Kham – Vice Senior General Soe Win, U Aung Min, U Thein Zaw”||UPWC president Sai Mauk Kham expected to get a nationwide ceasefire in October. (1) commitment of ceasefire (2) framework from both sides negotiation for political dialogue (3) all-inclusiveness in Conference (4) midterm working process negotiations is proposed by KNU- RCSS. It’s an informal meeting.|
|6||20/02/2014||Min Tat, Chin State||CNF||Chin State Govt||National Day|
Liaison Offices: Thanglang, Tedim and Matupi towns
Rights and Responsibilities for Liaison Offices
Both parties agreed that if the liaison officer is a central committee member of the CNF they will receive treatment that is consistent with the diplomatic protocols reflecting their position. The Chin state government shall provide necessary measures to ensure the physical security of the liaison officer. The parties accept to observe the rules defined in the ceasefire within the territorial areas that have been designated, and in accordance with the existing laws of the Chin state government
Both parties agreed in principle to points that were signed during the Panglong Agreement (February 12, 1947) by Bamar leader General Aung San and other ethnic groups in Panglong, Shan state.
Discussions regarding the military code of conduct for the Myanmar army and other ethnic armed groups were also discussed.
- The formation of the “Ceasefire Monitoring Body” consisting primarily of the Chin Peace and Tranquility Committee but also with active participation from other legal experts.
- The formation of a crisis mediating body that will arbitrate any physical violence resulting from accidental nature between the CNF and the Myanmar army. It is agreed that such a mediating body shall be formed under the leadership of the Chin state Security and Border Affairs minister and will also involve both the CNF liaison officer and CNA leaders responsible for the areas where such incident occurs. This can also include the in-charge/commander of the CNF/CNA, commander of the Myanmar army, police force, chairman of the Chin Peace Monitoring Body or any such duly authorized individual.
CNF/CNA will be temporarily based out around 5 village tracts in 2 townships. These include Tlangpi, Dawn and Zang Tlang village tracts in Thantlang Township, and Zampi and Bukphir village tracts in Tedim Township.
Other possible bases will include Kung Pin, Ra O, Shweletwa, and Ra Kan village tracts in Paletwa Township; Para and Pathiantlang, Belhar, Vanzang, Lungding, Lulpilung in village tracts in Tedim Township; Dampi, Tui Dial village tracts in Thantlang Township. CNF opened Camp Victoria in Thantlang Township (January 2013). The military camp will serve as their new headquarters.
- agreed to allow the presence of only the Myanmar army and the CNF within the Chin State
- CNF must obtain permission from the government before conducting military exercises
- A CNA refresher training course covering public relations was held on the Indo-Myanmar border on October 24, 2012.
- Khonumthung Company (2012)
- with the financial support from the Union government, the CNF will play a leading role in developing the state in accordance with laws governing the new Special Economic Zone (SEZ)
- both parties will cooperate on development projects
- permission for INGOs and social-economic organisations (both inside and outside the country) to support development initiatives that will improve the quality of life for Chin state residents
- CNF will establish committees or organizations to carry out new development initiatives in cooperation with domestic/international social economic organisations and INGOs
- the Union government will construct at least 2 airports.
- The govt is building a domestic airport in Surbung mountain in Falam Township, Chin state. The site was surveyed by a CNF delegation, administrator of Falam Township and residents on December 19, 2012.
- the construction of a national highway that will connect northern Tonzang Township to southern Paletwa Township
- restrictions lifted for international tourists to travel in the state
- development of information technology and computer skills
- basic services such as water, electricity, food, security, health and education to be made available to everyone
- CNF allowed to seek independent funding for implementing development projects in the state
- the establishment of a community radio broadcast program for promoting Chin media and culture in each of the various dialects
- the Chin language will be taught in primary education schools
- open schools to promote Chin culture and music
- religious freedom
- no discrimination on the basis ethnicity, religion and gender for civil service positions
- official registration allowed for community-based organizations and Chin media e.g newspapers, journals, magazines, newsletters, radio, internet and television programs
- both parties will cooperate in the development of out-of-state guest houses for travelling Chins (Naypyidaw, Yangon, Mandalay, Pakhuku, Kalay, Sittwe, Seih Town).
- CNF granted permission to hold public consultations regarding the peace process (20/11/ 2012: preliminary meeting for an upcoming CNF’s public consultation took place in Matupi, Chin state)
- consideration made towards the international agreements that have been acceded to by the Union government, including other international human rights moral obligations
- official recognition of Chin National Day (February 20) and Chin State Day on (February 3)
- under existing laws the CNF/CNA are still considered unlawful organizations by the Union government, both parties have agreed this will be amended at a later date once full confidence has been firmly established
- both parties agreed that the Union-level Peace Working Committee (UPWC) team will submit a list of any individual(s) who have been arrested and imprisoned on account of CNF/ CNA activities to the president’s office for immediate amnesty (effective after the signing of this agreement)
- UPWC will remove the names of all individuals who have been blacklisted for being affiliated or members of CNF/CNA (effective after the signing of this agreement)
- CNF/CNA members immune from criminal prosecution for being part of the organisation (effective after the signing of this agreement)
- cooperation to uphold human rights, punish violators in accordance with the 2008 Constitution
- the formation of an independent Chin human rights committee
- both parties agreed to cooperate in the eradication of poppy cultivation and other illegal drug businesses, this includes smuggling operations in northern Chin state
- drug production is increasing despite the agreement
- environmental impact assessments shall be conducted on all in-state development projects by an independent committee of experts
- both parties agreed that the extraction of natural resources in Chin State will adhere to the points stipulated in the ceasefire agreement
- all Chin nationals who have resettled abroad will be allowed to return and assistance will be provided for issuing visas
- the state immigration department will issue national identity cards for CNF/CNA members after a membership list is submitted
Dec 16, 2011: CNF member Dr. Salai Andrew Ngun Cung Lian welcomed comments by former Union-level Peace Building Committee Chairman Aung Thaung “We are determined to work for peace during the tenure of this government but people need to be patient because many issues may be hard to resolve.”
Mar 19, 2014 – CNF signed Geneva Call documents in Geneva, child protection and prohibition of sexual violence
Feb 18, 2014 – A statement of CNF to review the census process
Jan 05, 2013 – CNF statement on govt offensives in Kachin and Shan states (Burmese)
Aug 31, 2012 – The 5th CEC Statement
May 19, 2012 – CNF press release after 2nd peace talk (Burmese)
May 10, 2012 – CNF press release on peace negotiations (Burmese)
Jan 15, 2012 – CNF Press Release To The People
Dec 16, 2011 – Appeal To The Chin People
Dec 16, 2011 – Emergency-Conference-Statement (Burmese)
Feb 20, 2010 – CNF statement on 52th Chin National Day (Burmese)