The Restoration Council of Shan State
သျှမ်းပြည် ပြန်လည်ထူထောင်ရေးကောင်စီ (သျှမ်းပြည် တပ်မတော် – တောင်ပိုင်း)
Government: Shan State Army – South
Headquarters: Loi Tai Leng, Southern Shan State.
Active Regions: Eastern Shan State – Mong Ton, Mong Hsat
Size: Over 8,000
Leader: Lt. Gen. Yawd Serk
RCSS is also known as SSA-S was formed from the Shan United Revolutionary Army (SURA)
Affiliations: Former Communist Party of Burma (CPB), Shan United Revolutionary Army
Chief of Civil Administration and chief of peace delegation: Brig. Gen. Pawng Kherh
Commander of eastern military command: Lt. Col. Gawn Zeun
*RCSS is known as Shan State Army – South as well as a member of the Committee for Shan State Unity (CSSU). The CSSU was established on Oct 15, 2013. The CSSU’s members include the Restoration Council of Shan State (RCSS), Shan State Joint Action Committee (SSJAC- a coalition of SNLD and SSPP) and the Shan Nationalities Democratic Party, as well as 13 civil society organizations.
The Restoration Council of Shan State (RCSS) signed the ceasefire agreement at the state and union levels in December 2011 and January 2012, and the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) was signed between RCSS/SSA and U Thein Sein administration on October 15th, 2015. The group has participated in the peace process under the NCA along with other ethnic armed groups that signed the NCA.
Nevertheless, clashes between the armed group and the Tatmadaw (military) occurred in Mong Kung, Kyethi, Mongnawng, Mongton, Mong Hsat, Kyaukme, and Namhkan townships. The clashes were particularly violent in Kyaukme Township. Amid the stalemate and obstacles in the peace process, the RCSS clashed with the Tatmadaw, as well as other ethnic armed groups such as the Shan State Progress Party/Shan State Army (SSPP/SSA), the Ta’ang National Liberation Army (TNLA), and the Pa-Oh National Liberation Organization (PNLO), due to their adjoining areas of activity.
The head of RCSS, General Yawd Serk, was unable to attend the 4th anniversary of the signing of the NCA due to restrictions imposed by the commander of the Tatmadaw’s Eastern Central Command, but there were informal meetings between Tatmadaw and the RCSS representatives. Strangely, fighting between the two sides resumed on March 25th after they met in Nay Pyi Taw on March 15th, 2020.
Also, at the 21st Century Panglong – Union Peace Conference held in 2020, the military urged the RCSS leader to speak in Burmese rather than Shan in his opening speeches. It can be seen that the RCSS remains committed to the NCA route despite the stalled peace challenges and clashes with the military.
Ceasefire & Peace Process
4th ceasefire signing group.
Post ceasefire conflict:
Official delegation team
Chief Negotiator: Brig Gen Pawng Kherh
Alliances: PPST, PPWT/CT, UPDJC, JMC member
|#||Date||Location||Armed Group Rep||Govt Rep||Details|
|1||19/11/11||Thai-Shan border||Yawd Serk||Aung Min||nformal ceasefire
Other SSA-S delegates: Sao Khuen Sai
Mediators: Nay Win Maung, Dr Kyaw Yin Hlaing and Tin Maung Than, Harn Yawngwe
|2||02/12/11||Taunggyi||Sai Lu||Aung Min||State level 8 point ceasefire
Other govt delegates: Khin Maung Soe, Col Aung Thu, the minister of Border Affairs and Security; Shan State Chief of Justice Maung Maung; and General Staff Officer (Grade-1) of Triangle Regional Command Lt-Col Zaw Tun Myint.
|3||01/01/12||Taunggyi||U Khin Maung Soe||Preparatory meeting|
|4||16/01/12||Taunggyi||Sai Baung Khe||Aung Min||Union level 11 point ceasefire
Other govt Delegates: U Win Tun, Minister of Forestry; No 2 Electric Power Minister, U Khin Maung Soe; Sao Aung Kyat, Chief Minister of Shan State; Deputy Minister of Defense, U Zaw Win; Attorney General, U Tun Tun Oo; Minister of Shan State Border Security, Col Aung Thu; Col Kyaw Soe Lin (Defense ministry); Triangle Region G1, Col Zaw Tun Myint and Central Eastern Region G1, Col Zaw Min Aye.
|5||19/05/12||Kengtung||Yawd Serk||Aung Min||To keep the peacemaking talks on track, reached a 12-point agreement
Myanmar Deputy Commander-in-Chief Gen Soe Win, Union Minister for Energy U Than Htay, Union Minister forElectric Power No.2 U Khin Maung Soe, Shan State ChiefMinister U Sao Aung Myat, Commander of EasternCommand Maj-Gen Soe Htut, Commander of Central EastCommand Brig-GenTo keep the peacemaking talks on track, reached a 12-point agreement Myanmar Deputy Commander-in-Chief Gen Soe Win Union Minister for Energy U Than Htay, Union Minister forElectric Power No.2 U Khin Maung Soe, Shan State ChiefMinister U Sao Aung Myat, Commander of EasternCommand Maj-Gen Soe Htut, Commander of Central EastCommand Brig-Gen Tun Tun Naung, Commander of TriangleRegion Command Maj-Gen Than Tun Oo, Deputy AttorneyGeneral U Tun Tun Oo, Shan State Minister for Security andBorder Affairs Col Aung Thu and Col Kyaw Soe Win ofCommander-in-Chief (Army)’s Office Tun Tun Naung, Commander of TriangleRegion Command Maj-Gen Than Tun Oo, Deputy AttorneyGeneral U Tun Tun Oo, Shan State Minister for Security andBorder Affairs Col Aung Thu and Col Kyaw Soe Win ofCommander-in-Chief (Army)’s Office
|6||28/10/12||Tachilek||Pawng Kherh||Col. Aung Thu (Shan State border affairs)||Tripartite 9 point anti-drug agreement between SSA-S, government and UNODC Observer: Jason Eligh (UNODC-Myanmar)|
|7||10/06/2013||Naypyitaw||Yward Serk||Thein Sein, Aung Min,Soe Thein, Myanmar Peace Center||President said to cooperate Reposition of Arms groups,Resettlement of People,Job Creation,Education and Developmental Project.For constitution amendment, Hluttaw will proceed. RCSS said they are fighting not for Confederation State, it is for Federal, Democracy, Self determination, Participation.|
|8||12/07/2013||Chiang Mai, Thailand||MPC Technical Team||(informal)|
|9||15/08/2013||MPC in Yangon||Col. Sai La||Hla Maung Shwe, Aung Naing Oo and Dr. Min Zaw Oo||they discussed about nationwide ceasefire and political talks. RCSS also claimed Govt forces retreats from near the RCSS military camp. it’s an informal meeting.|
|10||23/08/2013||Yangon||RCSS + KNU||MPC||Ethnics’ technical team led by KNU and RCSS discuss on Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement with MPC technical team.|
|11||31/08/2013||Nay Pyi Taw||RCSS + KNU+ CNF (Gen. Mu Tuu Say Phoe, Maj. Tu Tu Lay from KNU, Maj. Sai La and Maj. Sai Mein from RCSS)||“Vice president Sai Mauk Kham – Vice Senior General Soe Win, U Aung Min, U Thein Zaw”||UPWC president Sai Mauk Kham expected to get nation wide ceasefire in October. (1) commitment of ceasefire (2) framework from both sides negotiation for political dialouge (3) all inclusiveness in Conference (4) midterm working process negotiations is proposed by KNU- RCSS. It’s an informal meeting.|
|12||02/09/2013||Taunggyi||RCSS/SSA, PNO, Ya La La Pha||Shwe Mann/ Aung Than Htut||Informal meeting|
|13||07/09/2013||Chiang Mai, Thailand||RCSS/ KNU||MPC-Aung Min/ Khin Yee/ MPC||Informal meeting
The 14 point draft nationwide ceasefire accord presented by the ethnic armed movements was in principle accepted by the government’s technical team, according to the briefing given by Karen and Shan representative at the Working Group for Ethnic Coordination (WGEC) meeting held in Chiangmai last Friday, 6 September.“The wording as well as some specifics need some touch-up,” the Karen National Union (KNU) and Restoration Council of Shan State (RCSS) representatives were informed on 23 August in Rangoon.Specifics include Human Rights issues (Point #13) where the WGEC has proposed regional independent Human Rights Committees be established. “A National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has been set up by the government,” the Myanmar Peace Center (MPC) was reported as saying. “The proposition therefore will need some careful treatment.”
|14||20/09/2013||Taunggyi||RCSS, SSPP, PNLO||U Aung Min (UPWC)||Informal meeting
This is an informal meeting between UPWC and RCSS, SSPP, and PNLO in Taunggyi city. U Aung Min and delegations from RCSS, SSPP and PNLO attend the Shan-Kayah-Mon state Trust Building Conference holds on 21-23 Sept 2013. RCSS seems to discuss about the recent clahes betwenn RCSS and Myanmar army in southern Shan state.
|15||18/06/2014||Chaing Rai, Mae Khong river bank, Golden Triangle||Gen Yawd Serk –||Aung Min and MPC||Informal meeting
Govt representatives U Aung Min with MPC people and RCSS leader have dinner at the bank of the Maekong river in Chaing Rai, Thailand.
|16||14/07/2014||Chiang Mai, Thailand||Maj. Gen. Paung Khur, Col. Sai Hla, Col. Sai Nguen, U Khun Hseng (PI)||Hla Maung Shwe, Dr. Min Zaw Oo, Dr. Andrew, Aung Naing Oo, Nyo Ohn Myint||Informal meeting
They discussed about next round of peace talk and other peace related issue. This is an informal meeting between RCSS and MPC technical teams.
So far the local monitoring group is yet to be formed. U Aung Min said earlier that he was still drafting rules and regulations for the said body.
Points presented for the first step of peace process:
|U Aung Min||RCSS|
- Taunggyi, Kengtung, Kholam, Tachilek and Mongton
- Two sides to conduct joint field survey
- A peace-monitoring group will be formed before the end of July 2012 after the￼nomination by the two sides of suitable persons”
- RCSS organized a meeting of the Shan State scholars on 22-23/08/2012 and formed this Peace Monitoring Committee consisting of 19 members
- the SSA field team leader Brig-Gen Pawng Kherh told SHAN, 19 people, some of them highly regarded in the Shan community, have volunteered to become Peace Monitors to be watchdogs against truce violations between government troops and the armed resistance.
- U Aung Min, the government’s key negotiator, said on 1 July that regulations for peace monitors were still being drafted and that the body would include people nominated by the government, the resistance and the media.”
- Coordinate with each other in advance before moving with arms out of designated positions.
- The two sides will remain at positions agreed upon by both sides.
- Designation of areas will be discussed further at the Union level talks.
- Government will assist families of the RCSS/SSA members to earn adequate.
- National ID cards will be issued to members, family members and people residing￼with the RCSS/SSA.
- Special industrial zone will be set up and controlled by the RCSS.
- RCSS/SSA is permitted to request assistance from and coordinate with NGOs and INGOs.
- The 10-day visit inside the country from 15-24 January 2012, included the signing of the Union level agreement for security and development and meetings with both Shan political parties and civil societies. Shan State Army – (RCSS/SSA) leaders concluded a seven-day tour of businesses. At the invitation of the government peace team led by Railway Minister Aung Min, a seven-member RCSS/SSA team visited Rangoon and Mandalay and a three-member team visited Muse in northern Shan State
- Has set up a 6 companies under the name Shan Taung Tan Cherry on 14 May 2012, these include travel and tours gems and jewelry, trading, services, industry and hotel.
- Government will assist the RCSS/SSA in the preservation and promotion of Shan literature and culture
- RCSS/SSA will be allowed to register its Tai Freedom news agency after the new media law comes into effect
- Members and supporters of RCSS/SSA who are in prison will be released except for those who have been imprisoned on criminal charges.
- Two sides will continue to build up mutual trust to enable the RCSS/SSA to be totally withdrawn from the list of unlawful associations.
- The RCSS/SSA is free to hold political consultations with individuals, groups and communities throughout the country
- A small team of SSA led by Awng Hseuk spoke to the public gathering in Pongpakhem, located 16 km north of the Thai-Burma border and announced that the SSA-S will stop collecting taxes and recruits from the ordinary people. (19/01/2012)
- The RCSS/SSA will urge the people for their participation in the political negotiations with the government during the upcoming 2013 (14/12/2012)
- Government, UNODC and RCSS will undertake survey in Mongnai and Mongpan townships
- Choose sites for crop substitution pilot project
- Plans for the crop substitution pilot project will be jointly drawn up, explained and discussed with the people, and then implemented
- The crop substitution pilot project at the chosen sites will be implemented by the government-UNODC-RCSS as soon as possible*
- UNODC will render technical assistance to the government-RCSS crop substitution project sites and discuss with international donors for the provision of immediately needed funds for the project
- RCSS will keep the local people as well as its members informed on protection against the dangers of drugs, reduction and total eradication of opium cultivation, cooperation in the control of drugs and implementation of the crop substitution project
- For effective implementation CCDAC, Shan State Police Force and RCSS will each appoint contact persons and exchange information through email, telephone and other appropriate means
- Security issues in the joint CCDAC-UNODC and RCSS crop substitution project sites will be presented to the higher authorities
Clashes + Ceasefire Breaches
|68 clashes GVT Army – 44 PMFs – 24||Kyaukme, Mawkmai, Mongkeung, Kunheing, Mongnai, Mongpiang, Mongton, Mong Yawng, Tachilek,||RCSS/SSA captured 69 assorted weapons, killed 113 and wounded 129|
People in Laikha township, Shan State South, where the Shan State Army (SSA) ‘South’ is active, has been warned by military authorities to steer clear of the SSA or face charges on Section 17-1 (unlawful association) 22/10/2012
The UWSA and RCSS/SSA had a military standoff in mid-June 2012 when Wa troops surrounded the SSA-S camp of Lwal Kaw Wun, based in Mong Hsat, eastern Shan State, after Shan soldiers apparently trespassed into Wa areas.The two armed groups plan to have further negotiations to solve the border dispute so that future confrontations can be avoided. The UWSA released around 20 soldiers from the RCSS/SSA following a meeting between representatives of the two groups in August 2012.
RCSS and UWSA held a second meeting for counteract narcotic drugs and harvest replacement planning (28-29 December 2012),
Shan Conference named “Trust building for peace” held in Taw-win-ninsi hall, Shwegontai, Yangon on 26 November 2012. Minister Aung Min, chief negotiator, gave the opening speech. Minister Aung Min and Minister Soe Thein attended the meeting. Some 150 Shan Representatives from SNLD, SNDP, TNDP, RCSS/SSA, SSPP/SSA, NDAA and others attended the meeting.
SNLD chairperson U Khun Tun Oo visited Mongla on 6-9 Dec 2012 and he met Mongla leader U Sai Leun and was accompanied by RCSS/SSA liaison officers.
PNLO anti-drug partnership
UNODC – tripartite agreement
2/9/12 : Representatives of the Myanmar Peace Support Initiative, Norwegian Refugee Council, the Shan State Army –South/Restoration Council of Shan State, and Shan Relief and Development Committee met to discuss the proposed pilot projects under the MPSI. The participants agreed to conduct an assessment among internally-displaced persons’ camps, to learn their concerns, needs, and aspirations for the future. ‘Needs’ will mean both immediate needs in their host communities and in areas of return. This survey will be conducted at the end of the rainy season 2012, approximately late October, and will be implemented by local Shan organisations. Press Release
27 Apr 2020 – RCSS released a statement regarding Covid 19
27 Mar 2020 – RCSS released a statement regarding Covid 19
28 Feb 2020 – RCSS released a statement regarding Mine Kaing Conflict
20 Feb 2019 – RCSS released a statement for 72nd Mon National Day
7 Feb 2019 – RCSS released a statement for 72nd Shan National Day
22 Feb 2018 – RCSS released a statement for 2nd Congress
7 Feb 2018 – RCSS released a statement for 71st Shan National Day
1 Feb 2018 – RCSS released a statement for 71st Mon National Day
08 Aug 2017 – RCSS released a statement for 29th anniversary of 8888
12 May 2016 – RCSS released an announcement of Gen.Yawd Serk
01 May 2016 – RCSS released a statement regarding TNLA-RCSS Fighting
04 Mar 2016 – CUSU released a statement regarding Fifth Meeting
07 Feb 2016 – RCSS released a statement for 69th Shan National Day
19 Jan 2016 – RCSS released a Statement regarding Visiting Switzerland
15 Oct 2015 – RCSS released a statement on NCA signing
08 Oct 2015 – RCSS released a position statement on the NCA (Eng)
08 Oct 2015 – RCSS released a position statement on the NCA (Bur)
08 Oct 2015 – RCSS released a statement on signing the NCA
04 Auเ 2015 – RCSS released a statement on current political situation
03 July 2015 – RCSS/SSA released a statement after bi-annual meeting (Bur)
June 3, 2015 – RCSS released a statement on the NCA (Eng)
June 3, 2015 – RCSS released a statement on the NCA (Bur)
April 28, 2015 – RCSS released a statement on Pangsan trip
Oct 04, 2014 – SNLD, SNDP, RCSS, and SSPP released a joint statement
Oct 03, 2014 – Shan leaders sent an open letter to president
Feb 14, 2014 – RCSS leader Lt Gen Yawd Serk interview by Irrawaddy
Feb 14, 2014 – RCSS leader Lt Gen Yawd Serk reselected for chairman
Feb 13, 2014 – RCSS recruited new 4,000 members with 4 years
Dec 09, 2013 – Interview with RCSS leader Yawrt Serk
Nov 09, 2013 – RCSS statement on 11 common position – Bur
Nov 09, 2013 – RCSS statement on 11 common position – Eng
Oct 26, 2013 – KNU and RCSS joint Statement – Bur
Oct 26, 2013 – KNU and RCSS joint Statement – Eng
Oct 01, 2013 – RCSS statement to ask govt and army to follow the agreement.
Jul 17, 2013 – KNU & RCSS Joint Statement
Jun 29, 2013 – RCSS statement on peace talk with UPWC
Jun 26, 2013 – International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
Feb 16, 2013 – RCSS leader interview on Irrawaddy news
Jan 19, 2013 – RCSS-Statement 13th Annual Meeting Headquarters Loi Tai Leng
Dec 14, 2012 – RCSS/SSA launched their 5 aims for the future politics on one year anniversary of ceasefire agreement
Dec 13, 2012 – Brig Gen Pawng Kherh said if anyone were to be prosecuted with Section 17-1 (unlawful association) for assisting in the peace process, the first one should be his Naypyitaw counterpart U Aung Min.
Nov 08, 2012 – Further violations of the ceasefire by the government army may result in the collapse of the treaty, warned Lt-Gen Yawdserk
Oct 29, 2012 – RCSS Statement Standpoint SNLD
Oct 26. 2012 – A meaningful and successful political dialogue means both sides must be willing to make concessions – Lt-Gen Yawdserk
Oct 19, 2012 – RCSS/SSA launched a statement that it supporting to the standpoint of SNLD
Sep 12, 2012 – RCSS/SSA commanders say they are frustrated with the government in trying to establish a true ceasefire, saying it was only with Naypyidaw, but not the government army.
Aug 24, 2012 – A recent report submitted by the month long RCSS/SSA field trip to its leadership says most people, despite the on and off clashes with the government Army, have recommended continued talks to reach a political solution is the best option available at present
Jul 02, 2012 – Statement to urge Shan State people
Mar 21, 2012 – RCSS Statement: Policy to be implemented during ceasefire
Jan 27, 2012 – Statement on Union Level Peace Negotiation
Jun 26, 2011 – Statement on the World’s Anti-Drugs Day
Nov 09, 2010 – RCSS Statement on Battle Between Dkba and Spdc
Nov 07, 2010 – RCSS-Statement-on Election
Jun 26, 2010 – Statement on World Anti-Drugs Day
Apr 30, 2010 – Statement on SSPP/SSA’s Transformation into Home Guard Force
Jan 18, 2010 – RCSS-Meeting-Statement
** Updated on Jan 30, 2021