Founded: December 11th, 1949 (First time), December 7th – 9th 2009 (Second time)
Headquarters: Laybwer camp, Southern Shan State.
Active Regions: Shan State – Hsihseng, Hopong, Namsang, Langkho, Maukme.
Size: Over 400
Chairman – Maj. Gen. Khun Thurein
Vice-chairman – Khun Tun Tin
General Secretary – Col. Khun Aung Min
The Pa-O National Liberation Organisation (PNLO) signed ceasefire agreements at the state and union levels between August 2012 and March 2013, It was among the ethnic armed groups that signed the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) on October 15th, 2015, with the U Thein Sein government. The PNLO participated in the peace process through the Peace Process Steering Team (PPST) under the NCA.
On December 11th, 2020, the PNLO was founded on the 71st Revolution Day against the feudal system. The PNLO announced that it would participate in political dialogue, including the 21st Century Panglong – Union Peace Conference, in hopes to achieve national reconciliation, national unity and the establishment of a federal democratic union. The group said it would seek to convene a Pa-O National Convention based on the principle of inclusiveness.
The PNLO called on the people to exercise the spirit of “one person, one vote” in the 2020 general elections. Its stated aim is the success of the peace process and the building of a democratic federal union after the 2020 elections. The PNLO welcomed the formation of the National Unity Government (NUG) on the basic of national recon-ciliation.
Ceasefires and Peace Process
Official Representative Team
Union Level – 12 members
Ceasefire &Peace Process
13th ceasefire signing group.
Official delegation team
PNLO Peace-Making Group
State-level: 7 members
Union level: 12 members
PNLO Peace-Making Group
Membership: PPST, PPWT, UPJDC, JMC
1. Taunggyi (26/01/2013)
Alliances: PPST, PPWT/CT, UPDJC, JMC member.
|#||Date||Location||Armed Group Rep||Govt Rep||Details|
|1||23/12/2011||Bangkok, Thailand||Khun Okkar||Aung Min||Informal peace meeting for both PNLO and UNFC leading to preliminary talks. PNLO Chairman Khun Okkar said that his group will observe talks involving other ethnic organization that are members of the UNFC and met with the government separately in order to study the issues being presented.|
|2||5/2/2012||Chiang Mai, Thailand||Khun Myint Tun, Khun Thurein, Khun Tun Tin||U Aung Min||Preliminary meeting
Both sides plan to hold a formal state level meeting in the following month.
|3||22/04/2012||By Phone||Khun Okkar||U Aung Min||Preliminary meeting
Both sides plan to hold a formal state-level meeting in the following month.
|4||27/06/2012||Bangkok, Thailand||Khun Okkar, Khun Myint Tun||U Aung Min||Preliminary meeting
Agreement to sign a 7-point draft agreement.
Other PNLO delegates: Khun Myint Tun
Other govt delegates: Minister of Immigration and Population U Khin Yee
|5||28/07/2012||Yangon||PNLO peace delegation led by Khun Myint Tun and Col. Khun Thurein||U Aung Min||Preliminary meeting
Discussed ideas for the upcoming official meeting for State level ceasefire agreement. Meeting followed an exploratory trip by the PNLO peace delegation inside the country (Taunggyi, Thaton township).
|6||25/08/2012||Taunggyi, Shan State||PNLO peace delegation led by Khun Myint Tun and Col. Khun Thurein||U Aung Min||State Level ceasefire agreement signed
Other government delegates: union Ministers, representatives of the Lower house and Upper house, Shan state Chief Minister Sao Aung Myat and state government members, Commander of Eastern Command Maj. Gen. Soe Htut and senior military officers
|7||23/03/2013||Myanmar Peace Center, Yangon||Col Khun Okkar, U Khun Myint Tun, Col Khun Thurein and CEC members||U Aung Min, Union Ministers U Khin Maung Soe, U Win Tun and U Ohn Myint, Shan State Chief Minister U Sao Aung Myat||Union Level
The two sides reached an agreement in ten major sectors including relief, social affairs, anti-drug, and regional development, most important of all continued ceasefire. The two parties also agreed to continue political dialogue.
|8||02/09/2013||Taunggyi||RCSS/SSA, PNO, SNLO||Shwe Mann, Thein Zaw, Gen. Aung Than Htut||Informal meeting
Shan state government asked for 50% of Shan state revenue to spend in Shan state
|9||20/09/2013||Taunggyi||RCSS, SSPP, PNLO||U Aung Min (UPWC)||Informal meeting
U Aung Min met delegations from RCSS, SSPP and PNLO at the sidelines of the Shan-Kayah-Mon state Trust Building Conference between Sept 21-23, 2013.
|10||5-6/09/2013||Naypyitaw||PNLO delegation led by Khun Myint Tun and Khun Tin Shwe Oo||U Aung Min, U Khin Yee, U Win Tun, U Soe Thein and U Than Htay||Informal meeting
Both parties discussed the continued implementation of union level peace agreements, nationwide ceasefire, participating in national census.
- State level ceasefire agreement signed on Aug 25, 2012 and Union level ceasefire agreement signed on March 23, 2013
- Agreed to open liaison offices – Taunggyi, Thahton, Maukmai, and Hsi Hseng and Mauk Mai
- Nationwide ceasefire will only be done through the NCCT
- PNLO and Myanmar government will continue to hold informal meetings in the pursuit of peace
- to maintain the location of PNLO/ PNLA troops
- both sides agreed to be positioned at designated areas
- both sides agreed not to take arms to other regions except in designated areas
- discussions will take place regarding any violations of the signed in the code of conduct
- to jointly manage food, clothing and shelter for troops
- cooperate on agricultural projects
- To cooperate in establishing Pa-Oh media *requested setting up an independent Pa-Oh news and media organization
- cooperate on public security *22/07/2012: As per the invitation from U Aung Min, seven members from PNLO’s peace delegation visited Myanmar for ten days from July 22 -31 to hold several consultation meetings with individuals, the state Pa-Oh political parties, religious leaders, and Pa-Oh activists. They visited PNO patron U Aung Kham Hte, as well as the PNO chairman and other PNO senior leaders; held consultation meetings with Pa-Oh CBOs and CSOs at the PNO headquarters, and met with the abbot of Taung Kyaung Kyi monastery; traveled to Thaton Township in Mon state to hold several consultation meetings with the Pa-Oh community, senior Pa-Oh monks, and National League for Democracy Thaton (NLD-Thaton).
- To cooperate on solving the drug problem Informal partnership with KNPP and ABSDF to combat drug addiction and rehabilitation.
Nippon Foundation donated 1,200 rice bags to PNLO (January 2013)
Dec 11, 2020 – PNLO released a statement regarding 71st anniversary of the Pa O people’s revolution against feudalism
Nov 7, 2020 – PNLO released a statement regarding 2020 General Election
Sep 27, 2020 – PNLO released a statement regarding 10th CEC meeting in second congress
May 19, 2020 – PNLO’s statement
Apr 6, 2020 – PNLO released a statement regarding Covid 19
Mar 8, 2020 – PNLO released a statement regarding 71st Anniversary of Pa-O National Day
Feb 2, 2020 – PNLO released a statement regarding 8th CEC meeting in second congress
Dec 10, 2019 – PNLO released a statement regarding 10th Anniversary of PNLO
Sep 11, 2019 – PNLO’s statement
Aug 13, 2019 – PNLO released a statement regarding 7th CEC meeting
May 21, 2019 – PNLO released a statement regarding NCA-S EAO meeting
May 9, 2019 – PNLO released a statement regarding 6th CEC meeting
Jan 31, 2019 – PNLO released a statement regarding 70th Karen Revolution Day
Dec 12, 2018 – PNLO released a 3/2018 statement
Dec 3, 2018 – PNLO released a 1/2018 statement
Nov 1, 2018 – PNLO released a statement regarding 30th Anniversary of ABSDF
Oct 7, 2018 – PNLO released a statement regarding 3 years anniversary of signing NCA event
Jan 15, 2018 – PNLO released a statement regarding 2nd Congress
Dec 11, 2017 – PNLO released a statement regarding 68th Pa Oh Revolution Day
May 20, 2017 – PNLO released a statement regarding 13th CEC meeting
Jun 18, 2016 – PNLO released a statement regarding 10th CEC meeting
Dec 11, 2014 – PNLO released a statement to commemorate the 65th Anti-Feudalism anniversary
Jan 12, 2014 – Message to 51st anniversary revolution day of T’ang (Palaung)
May 21, 2013 – Statement of PNLO 1st Congress
Mar 26, 2013 – National Day Message
Mar 23, 2013 – PNLO Union Level Agreement (Burmese)
Mar 23, 2013 – PNLO Union Level Agreement (English)
Jan 01, 2012 – PNLO 2012 New Year Statement
Jan 31, 2011 – Statement of PNLO Annual Meeting
Sep 21, 2010 – PNLO Statement on International Day of Peace
Feb 27, 2010 – PNLO Statement on Pa-Oh-National Day
Feb 27, 2010 – PNLO Honorable Message for Pa Oh National Day
Reference: Deciphering Myanmar’s Peace Process – A Reference Guide (2021 – 2022)