|Palaung State Liberation Front/Ta’ang National Liberation Army (PSLF/TNLA)|
Founded: 1963, 1976, January 1992, January 2009
Active Regions: Northern Shan State – Nawnghkio, Kyaukme, Hsipaw, Kutkai, Namtu, Mantong, Namsang, Namhkan, Muse, Mongmit
Size: Over 6,000
Chairman – Tar Aik Bong
Vice Chairman – Tar Jok Jar
General Secretary – Brig-Gen Tar Bone Kyaw
Established in 1963 as the Palaung National Army, then in 1976 as the Palaung State Liberation Army (PSLA), and then in January 1992 as the Palaung State Liberation Front (PSLF) and, the Ta’ang National Liberation Army (TNLA) in January 2009. The PSLF/TNLA provides protection for the Ta’ang Palaung region. After a ceasefire agreement was signed between the military government and the PSLA in April 1991, divisions within the group led to the formation of the PSLF. It pursues its stated political goal of building a federal union that guarantees democracy, human rights and self-determination.
The group cooperates militarily with the four-member Northern Alliance, and the Three Brotherhood Alliance, comprised of the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA) and the Arakan Army (AA). The group is also a member of the United Wa State Army (UWSA)-led Federal Political Negotiation Consultative Committee (FPNCC). Despite talks with the government representatives about a ceasefire, heavy fighting with the military continues. Clashes frequently occur with the Restoration Council of Shan States (RCSS/SSA) in northern Shan State.
The TNLA, along with the Three Brotherhood Alliance, has declared seven unilateral ceasefires between 2019 and 2020, but conflict continues with the Tatmadaw. The group acknowledged the outcome of the 2020 general elections and released a four-point statement on November 11th, 2020. It called for an end to the civil war in the post-election political landscape. Among the four points in the group’s statement was a call for an end to the military offensives in ethnic areas, particularly in Rakhine State.
Following the February 2021 military coup, there were clashes between the PSLF/TNLA and the military junta backed by the RCSS/SSA. The group has spoken out against the military coup and stated that it will work together to build a federal democratic union, which is the direction of the Spring Revolution. However, the PSLF/TNLA has not participated in the National Unity Consultative Council (NUCC). On December 15th, 2021, the TNLA participated in an informal meeting between Northern Alliance members and representatives of the State Administration Council (SAC) in the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA)-administered town of Mongla township in eastern Shan State.
Ceasefires and Peace Process
Ceasefire & Peace Process
Ceasefire & Peace Process: Non-ceasefire group
Central Committee: 23
Liaison offices: N/A
Reference: Deciphering Myanmar’s Peace Process – A Reference Guide (2021 – 2022)