Myanmar Peace Monitor

Conflicts, communal violence and IDPs

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The ongoing armed conflict between the Myanmar army and the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO), and allies (AA, ABSDF, TNLA), has created a severe humanitarian crisis in Kachin and northern Shan states. Not only has this caused death and destruction for armed groups and local civilians caught in the middle of the conflict zone, but it also threatens peace and security for Myanmar and its neighbors. This has led to substantial increases in poverty, lawlessness and drug production. The direct threats to both positive economic development and democratic reforms resulting from this instability highlight the urgency in finding immediate and long term solutions for resolving this crisis.
Apart from the ongoing conflict in Kachin and northern Shan states, ceasefire agreements that have been signed in all the other armed ethnic areas has seen a major decline in military activities and human rights abuses against civilians. However, The Border Consortium (TBC), formerly known as Thai Burma Border Consortium (TBBC), has reported that the Myanmar army has not withdrawn its troops, nor have they abandoned their outposts along the borderline. Troop rotations and the resupply of military rations to outposts have continued unabated. In northern Karen state and eastern Bago Region, the new reporting mechanisms on the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) troops’ movements - stipulated in the ceasefire agreement - have strengthened the Myanmar Army’s presence in these areas. At the same time, insufficient communication of troop movements have also led to skirmishes between KNLA and government troops, including the BGF. These incidents have also been happening in Shan state.

Archive: Conflicts in May 2017

Conflicts Archive

2013 Jan Feb Mar Apr
2014 Sep Oct Nov Dec
2015 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2016 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2017 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

 

2012 figures:

Non-ceasefire groups:

 Armed group

 Clashes

 Locations

 Casualties

kio

KIA and allies

aa

AA

absdf

ABSDF

> 2400 KIA figure
1095 Govt figure
Kachin state:
Bhamo, Hpun Pyan Bum, Hpakant-Lonekhin and Lonebon, Mansi, Moenyin, Moekaung, Lajayang, Mankwi, Mongkoe, Momauk, Sinbo, Pangwa, Pangsai, Pajau-Laisin, and Waingmaw
Shan State:
​Nam San Bum mountain, Kutkai, Manton, Nant Hai, Tarmoenye.
Killed
​​KIO figure June 2011- Oct 2012:
> 700 KIO soldiers
5,000 to 10,000 Govt soldiers
Govt figures : 35 Govt soldiers
injured
190 Govt soldiers (Govt figures)
IDPs
>150,000 in Kachin and northern Shan states
Infrastructure damage by KIA (Govt. figures)
on railroad tracks from Mandalay to Myitkyina
​15 on Myitkyina-Sumprabum road
42 on Myitkyina-Bhamo road.
​1 electric power grid
1 Power Plant

tnla

TNLA

> 50 TNLA figure
 
Shan State:
​Nam San Bum mountain, Kutkai, Manton, Nant Hai, Tarmoenye.
Killed:
> 100 Govt soldiers
IDPs:
2000 villagers from 15 villages
 

New Ceasefire groups:

 Armed group

 Clashes

 Locations

 Casualties

ssa-s

RCSS / SSA-S

71 RCSS​ figure  Shan State:
Kyaukme, Mawkmai, Mongkeung, Kunheing, Mongnai, Mongpiang, Mongton, Mong Yawng, Tachilek
Killed
​113 govt soldiers killed (RCSS Figure)​
Injured
129 govt soldiers
Captured
captured 69 assorted weapons wounded
ssa-n

SSPP / SSA-N

> 40 Shan State:
Langhko, Kyauk Mae, Hsipaw, Mong Mit (Mong Ngoe), onghsu, Kayse, Tangyan
knpp

KNPP

> 10
Kayah State:
Mawchi Township
Injured
5 govt soldiers killed​ (KNPP figures)
dkba5

DKBA-5

1 raid on military base Feb.19, 2012 Kayin State:
Pa'an
Killed
3 govt soldiers, 1 villager
Injured
2 govt soldiers, 2 villagers​
knu

KNU

6 GVT + BGF attack KNLA shortly after ceasefire in January, 2012 Kayin State:
Papun, Hlaing Bwe, Beelin Townships
Killed
8 govt soldiers
Injured
2 govt soldiers

Communal Violence:

 Groups

 Clashes

 Locations

 Casualties

Rakhine Buddhists and Muslims 2 major clashes in June and October 2012 11 Townships in Rakhine state currently under curfew: Buthidaung, Kyaukpyu, Kyauktaw, Maungdaw, Minbya, Mrauk-U, Myebon, Pauktaw, Ramree, Rathedaung and Sittwe Killed
179
Injured
256
IDPs
115,000
Infrastructure damage Houses, Temples, School, Business and Communal Buildings
10600
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