30 May 2024 /

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Looking Beyond the AA’s Confederacy Dream – Issue 140

“Given the current battlefield and political situations, I believe that now is the best opportunity for all the people of Myanmar to fight for the liberation from the military dictatorship.”

This is the opinion of Major General Twan Mrat Naing, Commander-in-Chief of the United League of Arakan/Arakan Army (ULA/AA), about the current military junta, and the political situation in Myanmar. On 15 April 2021, when the National Unity Government (NUG) was formed, the AA chief also clarified to the public about the non-participation of the ULA/AA, saying, “They cordially invited us to join them. It was solely our position not to join; there is no need to blame them.”

The military momentum of ‘Operation 1027,’ initiated by the Three Brotherhood Alliance (3BHA),of which the ULA/AA is a member, has been observed with suspicion. Questions arise as to whether it might pause after achieving some territorial gains, be halted by the ‘Haigen Agreement’ brokered by China, or signify a shift in the country’s trajectory towards confederation or a federal democratic union.

This week’s Burma News International (BNI)-Myanmar Peace Monitor’s Bi-Weekly News Review focuses on the military momentum and political aspirations of the United League of Arakan/Arakan Army (ULA/AA), which has taken control of up to eleven towns in Arakan State and Chin States as part of Operation 1027, drawing on data, events and statements from AA leaders.

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Karen National Union (KNU)

Arakan National Council (ANC/AA)

All Burma Students’ Democratic Front (ABSDF)

Chin National Front (CNF/CNA)

Karen National Union (KNU)

Arakan National Council (ANC/AA)

All Burma Students’ Democratic Front (ABSDF)

Chin National Front (CNF/CNA)

Arakan Liberation Party/Army (ALP/ALA)

Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA)

Kachin Independence Army (KIO/KIA)

Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP/KA)

Kuki National Organization (Burma)

Lahu Democratic Union (LDU)

Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA)

National Democratic Alliance Army-Eastern Shan State (NDAA-ESS)

New Mon State Party (NMSP)

National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Khaplang (NSCN-K)

Pa-Oh National Liberation Organization (PNLO)

The Palaung State Liberation Front (PSLF/TNLA)

The Restoration Council of Shan State (RCSS/SSA – South)

Shan State Progress Party/Shan State Army (SSPP/SSA – North)

United League of Arakan/Arakan Army (ULA/AA)

UWSP/UWSA