Myanmar Peace Monitor

Ceasefire Implementation

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The information below shows the progress made for the government’s ceasefire guidelines for the state and union level peace. In addition to the government’s guidelines, the ethnic armed groups have also raised other issues such as amnesty, resettlement support and rights protection. These can be found in the comprehensive chart of agreed and demanded points made within and outside the peace talks.

S1-3 Ceasefires

All major active ethnic armed groups have signed ceasefires with the exception of the KIA and allies AA, ABSDF and TNLA.

#Militia GroupGovt. RepDateState
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
UWSA/P
NDAA-ESS
DKBA-5
RCSS / SSA
CNF
KNU
SSPP / SSA
NMSP
KNU/KNLA (Peace Council)
KNPP
ALP/ALA = RSLP
NSCN-K
PNLO
ABSDF
Aung Thaung
Aung Thaung
Aung Thaung
Aung Min
Aung Min
Aung Min
Aung Thaung
Aung Min
Aung Thaung
Aung Min
Col. Htein Lin*
Col. Kyi Niang#
Aung Min
Aung Min
06/09/2011
07/09/2011
03/11/2011
02/12/2011
06/01/2012
12/01/2012
28/01/2012
01/02/2012
07/02/2012
07/03/2012
05/04/2012
09/04/2012
25/08/2012
10/08/2013
Peace Process Stage 2
Peace Process Stage 2
Peace Process Stage 2
Peace Process Stage 2
Peace Process Stage 2
Peace Process Stage 2
Peace Process Stage 2
Peace Process Stage 2
Peace Process Stage 1
Peace Process Stage 2
Peace Process Stage 1
Peace Process Stage 1
Peace Process Stage 1
Peace Process Stage 2
X
X
X
X
X
X
AA
KIA
TNLA
LDU
WNO
ZRO
combatant
combatant
combatant
non-combatant
non-combatant
non-combatant

*Rakhine State Minister of Border Affairs
# Ministry of Border Affairs

S4 Liaison offices

Manage all communication between government and ethnic armed groups.

map1

S5 Official delegation

form an official delegation team and negotiate the place and time for Union Level negotiation.

Formed (6 groups): CNF, KNU, KPC, NMSP, PNLO, RCSS/SSA
Pending (7 groups): UWSA, NDAA, SSPP/SSA, ALP, NSCN-K, DKBA-5 and KNPP

U1-2 Non-Disintegration

All ceasefire groups accept the first two Union level points: Forever remain in the Union, Accept the Three National Causes: non-disintegration of the Union, non-disintegration of national sovereignty and perpetuation of national sovereignty

U3 Economic developments

All ceasefire groups agree to cooperate on economic developments. Several parties have made considerable headway in establishing economic and development partnerships with the government. However the KNU and NMSP have made few demands from the government so far.

CNF Agreed: to set up a Special Economic Zone, establish an organizing committee to seek funding, allow tourists to freely travel in and out of Chin state, promote IT skills, develop a national highway, construct at least one airport.
DKBA-5 Development commitment.
KNPP Cooperate with INGOs and NGOs on development issues, in communication with the Kayah state government.
demanding: electricity in the whole of Kayah state.
outside the ceasefire agreement: Set up two companies are Kayah Land company and Tamaw Htar company.
KPC Demanding: border trade, regional infrastructure, exploration, trading (timber), tourism and mineral extraction.
NDAA Agreed: INGOs can assist with development, commitment to develop tourism, education and health. cooperate to improve transportation mining and electricity.
Demanding: access to mining, coal, gold exploration and production, allow outside investors, researchers to assess natural resources, allow trading of 10,000 tons of teak wood and 10,000 tons of other hardwoods, control of border checkpoints and taxation, supply rice, fuel oil and money.
NMSP Work for the stability and development of education, health and social sectors.
PNLO Coordinate with the government on agricultural projects.
RCSS/SSA Agreed to set up a special industrial zone run by the RCSS/SSA
outside the ceasefire agreement: created the Shan Taungdan Cherry company.

U4 Drug elimination

The following 7 groups have agreed to cooperate on the government’s plan to curb narcotics in accordance with the Government’s Order No. 17/2011:
CNF, DKBA-5, KNPP, NDAA, PNLO, SSPP/SSA, RCSS/SSA

In particular, RCSS/SSA signed a tripartite agreement between the government and UNODC to combat drug production and trade in the region. The RCSS anti-narcotics division also has an official website that covers their activities and programs. http://www.rcssantinarcotic.org/rcssanc.org/

U5-7 Political party formation and accept 2008 constitution

All post-elections ceasefire groups refuse to accept the 2008 constitution and have not set up political parties for upcoming elections.

During the 2010 elections, KIO’s former Vice-president No. 2 Dr. Manam Tu Ja set up a political party called the Kachin State Progressive Party (KSPP), which included the NDA-K and Myitkyina-based Kachin Nationals Consultative Assembly (KNCA) - an umbrella organization for all the national Kachin politicians. However the election commission rejected their registration due to their close connections with the KIO. 14 KSPP leading members, including Dr. Tu Ja, tried to run as individuals but were rejected again by the election commission.

U8 Border Guard Force and People's Militia Group
To coordinate existence of only a single armed forces in accord with the Constitution

The government’s order to all ethnic armed groups to transform into BGF and PMF is the biggest obstacle facing the peace process. All post-election ceasefire groups have rejected the order that would require them to fall under the control of the Myanmar military.

The UNFC proposed creating a Federal Union Army (FUA) that was formed in December 2011 and is led by Gen. Bee Htoo (KNPP).

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