27 March 2023 /

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‘၀’ ပြည် သွေးစည်းညီညွတ်ရေးတပ်မတော်

Political wing: United Wa State Party (UWSP)
Government Name: Shan State (North) Special Region-2
Armed wing: United Wa State Army (UWSA)



Founded: 17 April 1989
Headquarters: Pangkham (also known as Phangsang)
Active Regions: Panghsang, Mongma, Pangwai, Nahphan, Mongpawt, Mongyang, Hopang, Mak Marng, Mongton, Mong Hsat, Tachileik, Mong Pan, Mongyaung.
Size: Over 30,000
Leader: Bao You Xiang

The United Wa State Party (UWSP/UWSA) was formed after splitting from the Communist Party of Burma (CPB) and reached a ceasefire agreement with the military government on May 18th, 1989. The group maintains close relations with the Chinese government and even uses Chinese as its party’s working language.

The UWSA rejected pressure from the Tatmadaw’s (military) to transform itself into a border guard force, but no fighting occurred between the two sides. Four of the six townships in the Wa Self-administered Region enshrined in the 2008 constitution, remain under the UWSP/UWSA’s control.

The group signed ceasefire agreements at the state and union levels under U Thein Sein administration in September and December 2011, but was not among those that signed the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA). However, the UWSP participated in the Union Peace Conference convened in January 2016 before the end of the U Thein Sein’s term and called for the recognition of Wa as a self-governing state.

During the NLD-led government, the group, along with members of the Federal Political Negotiation Consultative Committee (FPNCC), participated in the first-ever 21st Century Panglong – Union Peace Conference. However, the FPNCC, led by the UWSP itself, was interested in a different path from the NCA and held some meetings with the Tatmadaw. The FPNCC also formally called on the Chinese government to play a greater role in the Myanmar peace process.

The group invited State Counselor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi to attend its 30th anniversary of the peace agreement in April 2019, but she did not attend the event. However, on November 27th, 2019, the group announced its support for the delegation led by the State Counselor to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague in the Netherlands.

On Thai-Myanmar border:
1.778th Division
2.772nd Division
3.775th Division
4.248th Division
5.518th Division

On China-Myanmar border:
1.318th Division
2.418th Division
3.468th Division
4.618th Division

CEC Members:
Chairman: Bao You Xiang
Vice-Chairman: Bao You Yi
Vice-Chairman: Xiao Mingliang (Shauk Ming Lyan)
Commander-in-chief: Bao You Xiang
Deputy commander in chief: Zhao Zhongdang
Spokesperson: Li Zhulie aka U Aung Myint

In charge of external affairs: Zhao Guo-ann
Deputy in charge of external
affairs: Sam Khun
Supreme court chief: Li Zhao Guo
In charge of finance and business
affairs: Bao You Liang

Ceasefire & Peace Process

1st ceasefire signing group.

Stage 1: State level ceasefire 6 Sept 2011
Stage 2: Union level ceasefire 25 Dec 2011
Previous ceasefire: 18 May 1989
# Post- Ceasefire Clashes: none
● Occasional tension with Tatmadaw.
● UWSA troops occupied NDAA posts in 2016 after they had tension.

Official delegation team


Liaison offices

1. Lashio
2. Tang Yang
3. Keng Tung
4. Tachileik
5. Taung Gyi
6. Mandalay
7. Yangon




 #  Date  Location  Armed Group Rep  Govt Rep  Details
1 06/09/2011 Kengtung Bao Youliang Aung Thaung New State level ceasefire agreement
Other govt delegates: Thein Zaw
2 01/10/2011 Lashio Xiao Ming Liang Aung Thaung Union level meeting
The UWSP agreed not to secede from the Union. Discussions included: the reopening of education, health and liaison offices, reassignment of staff, drug eradication in cooperation with the government, implementing measures for border region development, arrangements made for economic-driven industries.
Related agreements were signed.
3 26/12/2011 Pangsang Xiao Ming Liang Aung Thaung Union Level 6 Point agreement
Govt rep Aung Thaung urged the UWSP to take part in the upcoming by-elections expected to take place early next year.
4 09/05/2012 Pangsang unknown unknown Regime officials visit Panghsang, Shan state for meeting with UWSA officials.
5 17/08/2012 Wiangkao and Pangsang Xiao Ming Liang Deputy Border Affairs minister Maj Gen Zaw Win Official visits by Maj Gen Zaw Win to the Wa area:
16 August – Wiangkao, inspects Songpu hydropower plant
17 August – Panghsang, meets Xiao Minliang, Bao Youri, Zhao Zhongdang, Bao Youliang, Ai Lone, Zhao Guo-ang, U Aung Myint, Bo Laikham and others. Delivers K 30 million allowances and K 66 million for rice.
Other UWSA delegates: Bao Youri, Zhao Zhongdang, Bao Youliang, Ai Lone, Zhao Guo-ang, U Aung Myint, Bo Laikham and others
6 06/10/2012 Kengtung Xiao Ming Liang Myanmar army chief vice-SNR Gen. Min Aung Hlaing Both sides agreed to cooperate in eradicating drugs.
7 16/11/2012 Pangsang Xiao Ming Liang Myanmar armed forces Northeastern Region commander Brig-Gen Aung Soe Brig-Gen Aung Soe met with Vice-Chairman Xiao Mingliang for discussions. The brigadier-general also visited a facility of the UWSA’s Hongbang Company.
8 04/12/2012 Pangsang Xiao Ming Liang Aung Min Union level meeting
The discussions centered on economic and development programs.
UWSA officials were invited to Nay Pyi Taw to study Hluttaw sessions. The govt delegation presented cash assistance of over K 290 million for regional development, as well as layers and broilers. They also visited Mongmaw region and Mongmawkonmyintaung tea plantation
Other govt delegates included: Thein Zaw, U Soe Thein, President’s Office Minister; Lt-Gen Thein Htay, Border Affairs Minister; Sao Aung Myat, Shan state Chief Minister; Col Aung Thu, Shan State Security and Border Affairs Minister; Maj-Gen Than Tun Oo, Commander, Triangle Region Command, Maj Gen Aung Soe the commander of Northeastern Region Command.
9 20/03/2013 Lashio, Shan State Xiao Hsarm Khun Aung Min At the Shan-Kayah Trust-building for Peace Conference the Wa representative Xiao Hsarm Khun was informed by U Aung Min, UPWC Vice-Chairman # 2, that the Wa call for a separate statehood could be decided only by the Union legislature.
10 12/07/2013 Kengtung UWSA UPWC 1) Follow the agreements that emerge from the discussion.
2) Maintain the already achieved mutual understandings, trust and fine tradition of peace and continue making cooperation for reaching eternal peace through constructive discussions.
3) Make transparent coordination as quickly as possible based on the constructive ways at a time when there emerge the military issues between Tatmadaw and UWSA.
4) Not to allow seceding “Wa” Special Region (2) from the State at any rate as “Wa” Special Region (2) is an integral part of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and to utilize the capabilities of “Wa” Special Region (2) for the perpetuation of sovereignty and territory of the State.
5) Make mutual cooperation between the Union government and “Wa” Special Region ( 2 ) in the development of the region and eradication of narcotic drugs.
11 03/09/2013 Kengtung UWSA UPWC/ Shwe Mann (Informal)
12 04/10/2013 Pang Sang Xao Ming Liang (vice-chairman) U Thein Zaw (MP) and Lt. Gen Thein Htay (deputy minister of border affairs) (Informal meeting) U Thein Zaw proposed 9 points in the meeting. In the proposed points, census issue, ID card issue, local development, permit government servants to work in Wa territory are included in discussion. U Thein Zaw also discussed with Xai Minliang about to attend the nationwide ceasefire signing ceremony.
13 01/03/2014 Naypyitaw Pao Yu Yi, Zhao Zhongdan, U Sam Lu (Khun Sam Lu) and Sao Khun Hseng U Thein Sein (Informal meeting) Leaders from UWSA, NDAA and SSPP met president Thein Sein after attending the census campaign in Naypyitaw.
14 03/03/2014 Naypyitaw vice-chairman Pao Yu Yi, C-in-C Zhao Zhongdan Thura U Shwe Mann (Informal meeting) 3 Delegates from UWSA led by deputy chairman Pao Yu Yi and commander in chief Zhao Zhongdan met Thura U Shwe Mann in Naypyitaw when they visited union parliament.
15 06/04/2014 Northern Shan Head Quarter office UWSA Min Aung Hlaing (Commander in Chief) (Informal meeting) Gen Min Aung Hlaing met UWSA for the first time in his term of Commander in Chief: state media reported on Sunday.
16 26/04/2014 Pan San KNU leaders – Mutu saypoe,saw yawjarkhin, saw eyezatt, saw htoo2 lay, saw tarmulay UWSA leader- deputy chairman ShaoMinLian, deputy general secretary- PaukYuYi, and officials (Informal meeting) Leaders of the Karen National Union (KNU) and the United Wa State Army (UWSA) say they are concerned that an escalation of fighting in Kachin State could reverse the ongoing peace process between the government and ethnic armed groups.
17 25/08/2014 Naypyitaw NDAA-ESS, U San Pay (Vice chairman) , UWSA – Shao Min Lian (Vice Chairman), SSPP/SSA Gen Khae Taine vice chairman President Thein Sein Informal meeting
18 25/08/2014 Naypyitaw NDAA-ESS, U San Pay (Vice chairman) , UWSA – Shao Min Lian (Vice Chairman) Commander In Chief, Min Aung Hlaing Informal meeting
19 26/08/2014 Naypyitaw NDAA-ESS, U San Pay (Vice chairman) , UWSA – Shao Min Lian (Vice Chairman), SSPP/SSA Gen Khur Tai vice chairman Parliament Speaker Shwe Mann, Khin Aung Myint Informal meeting


Agreed points:


  • continue holding talks to cooperate on defence forces of the State for security and defence of the State as one as it agrees not to disintegrate the State and secede from the State at all


  • agreed to adopt short-term and long-term socio-economic development plans
  • Union government agreed to help increase opportunities for national races youths in “Wa” Special Region
  • to pursue education with the mindset to develop their insights, to equip them with vocational education and to realize human resources development.
  • Union government agreed to cooperate in developing healthcare initiatives in Wa” Special Region (2), these initiatives include: treatment, prevention and education


  • continue negotiating matters related to enabling representatives in townships of “Wa” Special Region (2) take seats in each Hluttaw of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar – encouraging proper representation of Wa in their respective areas

Ongoing issues:


Maintains close ties with NDAA

Business concessions:

Enterprises: Hongbang Company (founded in 1998) is a Wa owned conglomerate involved in construction, agriculture, gems and minerals, petroleum, electronics and communications, distilleries and department stores. The Hong Pang Group is based in Panghsang with offices also in Yangon, Mandalay, Lashio, Tachilek and Mawlamyine.

Ho Chun Ting, aka Aik Haw aka Hsiao Haw, the son-in-law of Bao You-Xiang, is the principal owner and managing director of Yangon Airways and chairman of Tetkham Co Ltd that runs a chain of hotels.


17 December 2020 – UWSA released a statement regarding prevention and control of covid 19

27  November 2019 – UWSA released a statement regarding Gambia’s case against Myanmar in the ICJ

22 December 2018 – UWSA’s announcement

6 May 2015 – EAOs released a statement after Panghsang meeting

Oct 5, 2014 – UWSA and NDAA released a joint statement

Jun 2, 2014 – Who Are the Wa : The article written by Bertil Lintner published

Jan 10, 2013 – NDAA, UWSA and SSPP/SSA issued a joint statement for the govt to stop its offensive against the KIO/KIA and start political dialogue

Aug 02, 2012 – SSA-S + UWSA Wa and Shan army commanders say tensions between the two armies have subsided following a “misunderstanding” that caused a face-off opposite Chiang Mai’s Fang District in northeast Myanmar.

Jun 16, 2011 – UWSP‘s statement

concerning ongoing clashes between the Myanmar military with the RCSS/SSA, KIA and KNLA.

** Updated on Jan 30, 2021


ကရင် အမျိုးသား အစည်းအရုံး
မြန်မာနိုင်ငံလုံးဆိုင်ရာကျောင်းသားများ ဒီမိုကရက်တစ်တပ်ဦး
ဒီမိုကရေစီ အကျိုးပြု ကရင်တပ်မတော်
ကချင်ပြည် လွတ်လပ်ရေးအဖွဲ့
ကရင်နီ အမျိုးသားတိုးတက်ရေးပါတီ
ကူကီး အမျိုးသားအစည်းအရုံး (မြန်မာပြည်)
မြန်မာအမျိုးသားဒီမိုကရေစီမဟာမိတ်အဖွဲ့ (ကိုးကန့်တပ်ဖွဲ့)
အမျိုးသားဒီမိုကရေစီ သွေးစည်းညီညွတ်ရေးတပ်မတော်
နာဂအမျိုးသား ဆိုရှယ်လစ်ကောင်စီ (ကပ်ပလန်)
ပအို့ဝ် အမျိုးသား လွတ်မြောက်ရေး အဖွဲ့
သျှမ်းပြည် ပြန်လည်ထူထောင်ရေးကောင်စီ (သျှမ်းပြည် တပ်မတော် – တောင်ပိုင်း)
သျှမ်းပြည်တိုးတက်ရေးပါတီ (သျှမ်းပြည်တပ်မတော် – မြောက်ပိုင်း)
‘၀’ ပြည် သွေးစည်းညီညွတ်ရေးတပ်မတော်