The New Mon State Party
Armed Wing: Mon National Liberation Army (MNLA)
Founded: July 20th, 1958
Headquarters: Ye Chaung Phya, Mon State.
Active Regions: Mon State – Thaton, Paung, Chaungzon, Mawlamyine, Kyaikmaraw, Mudon, Thanbyuzayat, Ye,
Size: Over 800 (Reserve Force – 2000)
Rejected the BGF scheme: April, 2010.
Central Committee members: 27
Chairman: Nai Hong Sar
Vice-Chairman: Nai Aung Min
General Secretary: Nai Kyaw Ye
Joint Secretary (1): Maj. Gen. Joi Yaet
Central Military Committee: 7
Commander in Chief: Maj. Gen. Layi Gakao
The New Mon State Party (NMSP) reached a ceasefire agreement with the military government on June 29th, 1995, but contact between the two sides broke off in April 2010 after the military pressured the group to transform itself into a border guard force.
The NMSP, along with other ethnic armed groups, participated in the peace process under the U Thein Sein administration. Although the group agreed to a state-level ceasefire with the government on February 1st, 2012, it did not sign the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) in October 2015. It was not until President U Htin Kyaw, led by the National League for Democracy (NLD), the NMSP signed the NCA on February 13th, 2018, and joined the peace process under the NCA.
Although some clashes have occurred between the Karen National Union (KNU/KNLA) and the NMSP due to neighboring borders, repeated efforts have been made to hold talks between the two sides. After a meeting between the leaders of the NMSP and KNU Brigade-6 in October 2019, they agreed to find a solution without resorting to violence and allow the Mon-Karen communities to live together peacefully. A meeting between the NMSP and the KNU/KNLA Peace Council (KPC) had to be arranged after the two sides exchanged fire on October 11th, 2020.
Regarding the obstacles to the peace process in the country, the NMSP chairman said in an interview with Myanmar Peace Monitor’s local correspondent that the Tatmadaw did not want to agree to the six principles of peace because it adhered to the 2008 constitution.
Ceasefire & Peace Process
Preliminary Peace Talks
Inside the country:
Official delegation team
-official delegation team for outside the country: (Naing Hong Sa, Nai Tala Nyi, Nai Hong Sa Bun Thai)
-official delegation team for inside the country: (Nai Htaw Mon, Nai Rawsa, Nai Tala Nyi, Gen. Zay Ya, Nai Aung Min (S-1), Bri-Gen La Yi Kaung
NMSP’s liaison offices opened in 1995 after the NMSP signed a ceasefire agreement with the SLORC. They were closed in April 2010 after the NMSP rejected transforming into a BGF. All liaison offices reopened one day after the new ceasefire agreement on Feb. 26, 2012. (ceasefire stipulated that offices could only be opened in locations agreed by both sides)
Alliances: UNFC, NCCT, SD, and DPN member
Mon Peace Monitoring Group
Following a peace process monitoring workshop in Shwe Myint Moh Tun Hotel, Mawlamyine city, Mon state on 7 June 2013, 15 members were selected to run a peace monitoring group for Mon State.
About 120 representatives from the Social Welfare minister of Mon State, Economic and Planning minister of Mon State, Mon affairs minister in Karen State, Politicians, Mon state MPs, businessmen, civic groups, youth groups and individuals attended the workshop.
|#||Date||Location||Armed Group Rep||Govt Rep||Details|
|1||06/10/2011||Ye Township, compound of govt. Infantry Unit No. 61||Nai Tala Nyi||Mon state Minister for Security and Border Affairs, Col.Htay Myint Aung||Preliminary meeting
The party also proposed that the government announce a nationwide ceasefire and to hold a dialogue with the UNFC [United Nationalities Federal Council] to solve political problems.
Other NMSP delegates: Nai Baya Lai; and Nai Hong Sar
Other govt. delegates: Colonel Tun Tun Nyi of the Southeast Command; and Mon state municipal officials
|2||13/11/2011||Ye Chaung Phya, NMSP headquarters||Nai Htaw Mon||5 member envoy from the Mon state Govt as peace create team (peace mediators)||Preliminary Meeting
There were discussions about avoiding clashes between their respective armies, opening liaison offices and cooperating in undertaking business and development projects in the state. The talks included an agreement that both sides would inform the other side in advance if one side wanted to enter the other’s control area with weapons.
Other NMSP delegates: Nai Rawsa, Nai Hong Sa
Govt Delegates: former NMSP central executive member Nai Tin Aung and former central committee member Nai Soe Myint; Mon National Democratic Front central executive member Nai Thet Lwin, Dr. Min Kyi Win, Buddhist Abbot Sayadaw Bhaddanta Kaytumarlar
|3||22/12/2011||Sankalaburi, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand||Nai Hong Sa||Aung Min||Preliminary Meeting
Other NMSP delegates: Bun Thai, Nai Banyar Leh, Nai Shwe Thein
|4||01/02/2012||Moulmein, Mon state||Nai Rawsa||Aung Min||State-level 5 point Ceasefire
Other NMSP delegates: Bri-Gen La Yi Kaung, Nai, Tala Nyi, Maj. San Aye, Nai Arca
Other govt. delegates: Union Minister U Soe Thein, Union Minister U Zaw Min, State Chief Minister U Ohn Myint, Commander of South-East Command Maj-Gen Tin Maung Win, Mon state Minister for Security and Border Affairs Col Htay Myint Aung, the General Staff Officer (Grade-I) (People’s Militia), the Mon state Advocate-General, the secretary of Mon State Government and officials
|5||25/02/2012||Moulmein, Mon state||Nai Rawsa||Aung Min||Union level 4 point Ceasefire
Other NMSP delegates: Bri-Gen La Yi Kaung, Nai Tala Nyi, Maj. San Aye, Nai Arca
Other Govt. Delegates: Union Minister U Soe Thein, Union Minister U Zaw Min, Union Minister U Win Tun and State Chief Minister U Ohn Myint, Commander of South-East Command Maj-Gen Tin Maung Win, Deputy Minister for Border Affairs Maj-Gen Zaw Win, Mon state Security and Border Affairs Minister Col Htay Myint Aung, the general staff officer (Grade I) from Commander-in-Chief (Army) Office, the general staff officer (Grade I) (militia) of South-East Command, Mon State advocate-general and officials
|6||11/04/2012||Moulmein, Mon state||Nai Aung Min, Nai Tala Nyi||Aung Min||Union level meeting – the perpetuation of ceasefire
Other Govt. Delegates: U Khin Yi from Union level peace-making group, State Chief Minister U Ohn Myint, Commander Maj-Gen Tin Maung Win, Lt-Col Zaw Naing Oo of the Office of the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services, Minister for Security and Border Affairs Col Htay Myint Aung from Union level peace-making group, the State Advocate-General, Lt-Col Kyaw Myint from the South-East Command, the Secretary of State Government, U Shwe Thaung from Region Development Supervisory Office,
|7||04/08/2013||Mawlamyaing||NMSP||MPC||For the National accord agreement, MPC met the NMSP at Mawlamyaing informally|
|8||14/01/2014||Hpa-am||Karen Arms Groups 4 and NMSP||Khinn Yee, State Minister Zaw Min and immigration officers||Govt and Karen arms groups and NMSP meet in pha am, karen state government office. Govt explain about the nationwide census, immigration law and asking for their cooperation for census.|
- To start political dialogue within 45 days of ceasefire.
- Allowing observers to participate in meetings.
- To start political dialogue between representatives of armed national races organizations and representatives of the government after ceasefire of all armed national races organizations. In case ceasefire is not secured with all the organizations till December 2012, to start the political dialogue between representatives of the ceasefire organizations and representatives of the government.
- To continue talks on national reconciliation, based on political compromises with participation of representatives of domestic national political parties and democratic forces.
- To initiate procedures for prompt implementation of agreement reached in the above-mentioned dialogue.
- To not extend military strength in Mon state and related areas in period of ceasefire.
- To work for stability and development of education, health and social sectors of the region in coordination with respective national races armed organizations and the government as the ceasefire comes into effect.
- To have the right to communicate with the public and help each others.
- To have the right to communicate with domestic political parties.
- To have the right to communicate with news agencies and media.
- To inform the public of outcomes of political dialogue as required.
- To conduct negotiation in advance in communicating with the foreign diplomats.
- To release all political prisoners remaining in the prisons and to free comrades of New Mon State Party in prisons with sympathy as well.
- To avoid forced labour by both sides, apart from volunteers. To solve problems of land confiscation by the Myanmar military.
- Releasing imprisoned party members including Nai Myo Thway and Nai Yekka
- To hold political dialogue
28 December 2019 – NMSP’s statement
23 October 2019 – NMSP released a statement regarding meeting of KNU and NMSP
26 December 2018 – NMSP released a statement regarding office of the commander-in-chief of defence services’ statement
23 March 2018 – Mon State National Level Political Dialogue Supervisory Committee
11 February 2018- NMSP and LDU removed from blacklist
1 February 2018 – NMSP released a statement regarding 71st anniversary of Mon National Day(MM)
21 January 2018 – NMSP released a statement regarding signing NCA
13 May 2017 – NMSP released a statement in Mon Language
12 February 2017 – NMSP released a statement regarding 70th anniversary of Mon National Day(MM)
25 December 2016 – NMSP released a statement regarding fake Mon Ethnic
25 October 2015 – NMSP released a statement in Mon language
May 06, 2014 – British Ambassador Meets With Mon Political Parties and NMSP
January 30, 2013: The NMSP issued a statement on the intensive armed conflict in Kachin state
June 19, 2012: The NMSP has threatened to break its four-month-old ceasefire agreement with the Myanmar government if Naypyidaw fails to hold political talks with all the ethnic armed groups by the end of this year, according to the party secretary.
February 8, 2012: NMSP chairman said that the group will not sign a ceasefire with the Myanmar government while it continues to wage war against ethnic Kachins
Nai Hong Sar, the secretary of NMSP and the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC), told Mizzima in October 2011 that the NMSP wanted all discussions with the government to involve the UNFC while the government wanted to negotiate with the NMSP separately.
NMSP leaders had informal meetings with ethnic political leaders in 2012.
NMSP representatives met 88 generation leaders who visited Mon state (11 November 2012)
Nippon foundation –
** Updated on Jan 30, 2021