Headquarters: Mongla, Eastern Shan State.
Active Regions: Mongla, Shan State (Special Region # 4)
Size: Over 3000
Chairman – Sai Lin
Vice Chairman – San Pae
General Secretary – Sao Hsengla
The National Democratic Alliance Army-Eastern Shan State (NDAA-ESS) was formed in 1989 after a split with the Communist Party of Burma (CPB). It reached a ceasefire agreement with the military government on June 30th, 1989. The NDAA-EES is based in Mong La. It signed state-level and union-level ceasefire agreements in September and December 2011 with the U Thein Sein administration. It did not sign the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA).
There have been no clashes between the military and the NDAA-ESS. It held informal talks with the NLD-led Peace Commission to sign the NCA, but it only attended the Union Peace Conference – 21st Century Panglong as an observer. It is a member of the Federal Political Negotiation and Consultative Committee (FPNCC).
On November 30th, 2019 the NDAA-ESS stated that it believes that peacebuilding has been successful in the last 30 years because of the ceasefire, and that the country can only prosper if it follows the path of peaceful development.
Ceasefires and Peace Process
Official Representative Team
Ceasefire &Peace Process
2nd ceasefire signing group.
Official delegation team
Yangon, Taunggyi, Kengtung, Tachilek, and Mandalay (reopened)
|#||Date||Location||Armed Group Rep||Govt Rep||Details|
|1||07/09/2011||Kengtung, Shan state||San Pae||Aung Thaung||State-level 7 point ceasefire agreement|
|2||8/10/2011||Kengtung, Shan state||San Pae||Aung Thaung||The Mong La group will be allowed to reopen its liaison offices, reassignment of staff for ensuring better education, health, agriculture and transport in Special Region (4) and the elimination of illegal narcotic drugs, and signed agreements.
Other govt. delegates: Thein Zaw; the Shan state Chief Minister Sai Aung Myat; Shan State Security and Border Affairs Minister Colonel Aung Thu; and the Shan state Advocate General Maung Maung
|3||27/12/2011||Mongla, Shan state||Sai Lin||Aung Thaung||Union Level 6-point ceasefire agreement other NDAA delegates: Vice-Chairman U San Pae and Secretary U Kham Maung
Other govt. delegates: U Thein Zaw, Union Ministers U Ohn Myint and U Win Tun met Chairman of Special Region (4) U Sai Lin, Vice-Chairman U San Pae and Secretary U Kham Maung
|4||06/10/2012||Kengtung, Shan state||Sai Lin||Myanmar army chief vice-snr Gen. Min Aung Hlaing||Agreement to cooperate against drugs|
|5||03/12/2012||Mongla, Shan state||Sai Lin||Aung Min||Granted permission to produce 1,000 tons of timber (out of 10,000 tons it had requested), construct hydropower plants and operate mineral mines
Other govt. delegates: U Thein Zaw ,U Soe Thein, President’s Office Minister; Lt-Gen Thein Htay, Border Affairs Minister; Sao Aung Myat, Shan State Chief Minister; Col Aung Thu, Shan State Security and Border Affairs Minister; Maj-Gen Than Tun Oo, Commander, Triangle Region Command; and Maj Gen Aung Soe, Commander, Northeastern Region Command
|6||09/05/2013||Mongla, Shan state||NDAA||UPWC vice chairman 3 Thein Zaw||They discussed 2014 census taking andd ongoing development projects in the area|
|7||03/09/2013||Kengtung||NDAA||UPWC/ Shwe Mann||informal meeting|
|8||04/10/2013||Pang Sang||NDAA||UPWC||informal meeting|
|9||21/03/2014||Mong Lar||NDAA ( Special Region 4 Mongla)||Minister U Thein Zaw, vice chairman of the government’s Peace Making Committee||Informal meeting
7 points joint statement released for the peace between government and NDAA.
|10||01/03/2014||Naypyitaw||Pao Yu Yi, Zhao Zhongdan, U Sam Lu (Khun Sam Lu) and Sao Khun Hseng||U Thein Sein||Informal meeting
Leaders from UWSA, NDAA and SSPP met president Thein Sein after attending the census campaign in Naypyitaw.
|11||03/03/2014||Naypyitaw||vice-chairman U Sam Lu||Thura U Shwe Mann||Informal meeting
Along with UWSA leaders, they attended the census campaign.
|12||25/08/2014||Naypyitaw||NDAA-ESS, U San Pay (Vice chairman) , UWSA – Shao Min Lian (Vice Chairman), SSPP/SSA Gen Khae Taine vice chairman||President Thein Sein||Informal meeting|
|13||25/08/2014||Naypyitaw||NDAA-ESS, U San Pay (Vice chairman), UWSA – Shao Min Lian (Vice Chairman)||Commander In Chief , Min Aung Hlaing||Informal meeting|
|14||26/08/2014||Naypyitaw||NDAA-ESS, U San Pay (Vice chairman) , UWSA – Shao Min Lian (Vice Chairman), SSPP/SSA Gen Khur Tai vice chairman||Parliament Speaker Shwe Mann , Khin Aung Myint||Informal meeting|
- Agrees to continue to hold talks to cooperate with defense forces of the state for security and defense of the state
- Cooperate to improve tourism, mining, and electricity in NDAA controlled areas
- To open tourism areas for Thai and Chinese tourists
- To allow the NDAA access to mining, coal and gold exploration and production
- To allow outside business groups to invest in the NDAA areas
- To send researchers to the area to assess natural resources
- To allow access to teak wood trading for 10,000 tons, as well as 10,000 tons of other hardwoods
- To allow NDAA control of border checkpoints and to receive border checkpoint tax fees
- To allow NGOs and the U.N. to help improve the area
- To supply NDAA areas with rice, fuel oil and money
- Cooperate to improve education, health and transportation in NDAA controlled areas
- Government officials will be sent to run government offices in NDAA areas and NDAA people will be sent to work in NDAA liaison offices in government controlled areas
- NDAA to take part in government’s 15 year (1999-2014) drug elimination plan
- To issue national identification cards for people in the NDAA controlled area of Eastern Shan state
- To issue vehicle licenses for people in NDAA areas
Oct 5, 2014 – UWSA and NDAA released a joint statement
Mar 21, 2014 – NDAA and UPWC released the Joint statement for the development issue after ceasefire
Mar 21, 2014 – UPWC and NDAA informal meeting in Mong Lar, NDAA headquarter for the Nationwide ceasefire agreement
Jan 10, 2013 – NDAA, UWSA and SSPP/SSA issued a joint statement for the govt to stop its offensive against the KIO/KIA and start political dialogue
Shan Conference named “Trust building for peace” was held in Taw-win-ninsi hall in Shwegontai Township, Yangon on Nov. 26, 2012. Minister Aung Min (chief negotiator) gave the opening speech. Minister Aung Min and Minister Soe Thein also attended the meeting. One-hundred and fifty Shan representatives from the SNLD, SNDP, TNDP, RCSS/SSA-S, SSPP/SSA-N, NDAA and others attended the meeting.
SNLD chairperson U Khun Tun Oo visited Mongla from Dec. 6-9, 2012 where he met Mongla leader U Sai Leun. U Khun Tun Oo was accompanied by RCSS/SSA liaison officers.
Reference: Deciphering Myanmar’s Peace Process – A Reference Guide (2021 – 2022)