Myanmar Peace Monitor

PNLO

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Pa-Oh National Liberation Organization

ပအို႔၀္ အမ်ိဳးသား လြတ္ေျမာက္ေရး အဖြဲ႔ 

Armed Wing: Pa-Oh National Liberation Army

http://pnlo.org/

unfcUNFC member ethnic armed org logo NCCT member

tnla

tnla


SUMMARY

Founded: 2009

Headquarters: Laybwer camp, near Homong, Southern Shan State

Operational Area: Hsi Hseng, Hopong, Nam San, Lan Khur and Mawk Mai in Shan State

Estimated strength: 400+

Leader: Khun Myint Tun

The PNLO is the combined force of the Pa-Oh People's Liberation Organization (PPLO) and the former PNLO. The PPLO was led by Col. Khun Okkar and formed on June 18, 1991 to continue the armed struggle after its mother organisation Pa-Oh National Organization (PNO) led by U Aung Kham Hti, signed a ceasefire with the government. The former PNLO was a SNPLO splinter group (Shan State Nationalities People's Liberation Organization) led by Brig. Gen. Khun Ti Soung and formed on June 10, 2007.

The two groups were officially united at a Pa-Oh National Conference held on Dec 7-9, 2009 that formed the newly structured PNLA and PNLO, and drafted the PNLO constitution. Attendees included the Pa-Oh Youth Organization, Pa-Oh Labor Union and individuals such as U Khun Myint Tun (Thaton MP in 1990 election) and Khun Tin Swe (member of NCUB and PDC). Col. Khun Okker was elected as the chairman, and Brig. Gen. Khun Ti Soung as vice-chairman. The conference chose the name PNLO to honor the former PNLO’s initiation and commitment to the “third revolution”.

The first PNLO congress held in Laybwer military camp on May 16-20, 2013 elected new central committee members in which Khun Myint Tun was appointed the new chairman. Previous chairmen Col. Khun Okker and Brig. Gen. Khun Ti Soung have since become patrons.

The first PNLO congress held in Laybwer military camp on May 16-20, 2013 elected new central committee members in which Khun Myint Tun was appointed the new chairman. Previous chairmen Col. Khun Okker and Brig. Gen. Khun Ti Soung have since become patrons.

The PNLO’s current headquarters is located near the Thai-Myanmar border opposite Mae Hong Son, Thailand.

Central Committee Members:

Patrons:

  • Col. Hkun Okker
  • Brig-Gen Khun Ti Saung
  • Khun Tet Lu
  • Chairman: Khun Myint Tun
  • Vice-Chairman: Col. Khun Thurein
  • General Secretary: Col. Aung Kyaw
  • Joint General Secretary (1): Khun Thomas
  • Joint General Secretary (2): Nang Nwe Nwe
  • CEC Member: Khun Tin Shwe Oo
  • CEC Member: Lt. Col. Khun Ohn Maung
  • CC Member: Khun Tun Tin
  • CC Member: Lt. Col. Khun Kyaw Htin
  • CC Member: Lt. Col. Khun Swe Hto
  • CC Member: Nang Phyu Pyar
  • Chief of Staffs: Col. Khun Thurein

Peace Process

New Ceasefire: August 25, 2012
13th resistance group to sign ceasefire with the new government
Stage 1: State level peace talks (Aug 25, 2012)
Stage 2: Union level peace talks (March 23, 2013)

Clashes # no clashes


Official delegation team

PNLO Peace-Making Group

State level: 7 members

  1. Khun Myint Tun (Team leader)
  2. Col. Khun Thurein (Deputy Leader)
  3. Brig. Gen. Khun Ti Saung (Member)
  4. Maj. Khun Kyaw Htin (Member)
  5. Khun Ooh (Member)
  6. Khun Tun Tin (Member)
  7. Maj. Khun Swe Hto (Member)

Union level: 12 members

  1. Col. Hkun Okker - Team Leader
  2. Khun Myint Tun - Deputy Leader
  3. Col. Khun Thurein - Member
  4. Col. Aung Kyaw - Member
  5. Khun Ooh - Member
  6. Khun Tin Shwe Oo - Member
  7. Maj. Khun Swe Hto - Member
  8. Khun Htee - Member
  9. Khun Tun Tin - Member
  10. Khun Thomus - Member
  11. Nang Nwe Nwe - Member
  12. Nang Myint - Member

Liaison offices

  1. Taunggyi (26/01/2013)
  2. Thaton (21/8/2013)
  3. Maukmai (08/12/2013)
  4. Hsi Hseng (To be opened soon)

Meetings

 #  Date  Location  Armed Group Rep  Govt Rep  Details
1 23/12/2011 Bangkok, Thailand Khun Okkar Aung Min Informal peace meeting for both PNLO and UNFC leading to preliminary talks. PNLO Chairman Khun Okkar said that his group will observe talks involving other ethnic organization that are members of the UNFC and met with the government separately in order to study the issues being presented.
2 5/2/2012 Chiang Mai, Thailand Khun Myint Tun, Khun Thurein, Khun Tun Tin U Aung Min Preliminary meeting
Both sides plan to hold a formal state level meeting in the following month.
3 22/04/2012 By Phone Khun Okkar U Aung Min Preliminary meeting
Both sides plan to hold a formal state-level meeting in the following month.
4 27/06/2012 Bangkok, Thailand Khun Okkar, Khun Myint Tun U Aung Min Preliminary meeting
Agreement to sign a 7-point draft agreement.
Other PNLO delegates: Khun Myint Tun
Other govt delegates: Minister of Immigration and Population U Khin Yee
5 28/07/2012 Yangon PNLO peace delegation led by Khun Myint Tun and Col. Khun Thurein U Aung Min Preliminary meeting
Discussed ideas for the upcoming official meeting for State level ceasefire agreement. Meeting followed an exploratory trip by the PNLO peace delegation inside the country (Taunggyi, Thaton township).
6 25/08/2012 Taunggyi, Shan State PNLO peace delegation led by Khun Myint Tun and Col. Khun Thurein U Aung Min State Level ceasefire agreement signed
Other government delegates: union Ministers, representatives of the Lower house and Upper house, Shan state Chief Minister Sao Aung Myat and state government members, Commander of Eastern Command Maj. Gen. Soe Htut and senior military officers
7 23/03/2013 Myanmar Peace Center, Yangon Col Khun Okkar, U Khun Myint Tun, Col Khun Thurein and CEC members U Aung Min, Union Ministers U Khin Maung Soe, U Win Tun and U Ohn Myint, Shan State Chief Minister U Sao Aung Myat Union Level
The two sides reached an agreement in ten major sectors including relief, social affairs, anti-drug, and regional development, most important of all continued ceasefire. The two parties also agreed to continue political dialogue.
8 02/09/2013 Taunggyi RCSS/SSA, PNO, SNLO Shwe Mann, Thein Zaw, Gen. Aung Than Htut Informal meeting
Shan state government asked for 50% of Shan state revenue to spend in Shan state
9 20/09/2013 Taunggyi RCSS, SSPP, PNLO U Aung Min (UPWC) Informal meeting
U Aung Min met delegations from RCSS, SSPP and PNLO at the sidelines of the Shan-Kayah-Mon state Trust Building Conference between Sept 21-23, 2013.
10 5-6/09/2013 Naypyitaw PNLO delegation led by Khun Myint Tun and Khun Tin Shwe Oo U Aung Min, U Khin Yee, U Win Tun, U Soe Thein and U Than Htay Informal meeting
Both parties discussed the continued implementation of union level peace agreements, nationwide ceasefire, participating in national census.

Developments

  • State level ceasefire agreement signed on Aug 25, 2012 and Union level ceasefire agreement signed on March 23, 2013
  • Agreed to open liaison offices - Taunggyi, Thahton, Maukmai, and Hsi Hseng and Mauk Mai
  • Nationwide ceasefire will only be done through the NCCT
  • PNLO and Myanmar government will continue to hold informal meetings in the pursuit of peace

Military

  • to maintain the location of PNLO/ PNLA troops
  • both sides agreed to be positioned at designated areas
  • both sides agreed not to take arms to other regions except in designated areas
  • discussions will take place regarding any violations of the signed in the code of conduct
  • to jointly manage food, clothing and shelter for troops

Economic

  • cooperate on agricultural projects

Political

  • To cooperate in establishing Pa-Oh media *requested setting up an independent Pa-Oh news and media organization
  • cooperate on public security *22/07/2012: As per the invitation from U Aung Min, seven members from PNLO’s peace delegation visited Myanmar for ten days from July 22 -31 to hold several consultation meetings with individuals, the state Pa-Oh political parties, religious leaders, and Pa-Oh activists. They visited PNO patron U Aung Kham Hte, as well as the PNO chairman and other PNO senior leaders; held consultation meetings with Pa-Oh CBOs and CSOs at the PNO headquarters, and met with the abbot of Taung Kyaung Kyi monastery; traveled to Thaton Township in Mon state to hold several consultation meetings with the Pa-Oh community, senior Pa-Oh monks, and National League for Democracy Thaton (NLD-Thaton).

Drugs

  • To cooperate on solving the drug problem Informal partnership with KNPP and ABSDF to combat drug addiction and rehabilitation.

Partnerships

Nippon Foundation donated 1,200 rice bags to PNLO (January 2013)


Statements

Dec 11, 2014 - PNLO released a statement to commemorate the 65th Anti-Feudalism anniversary

Jan 12, 2014 – Message to 51st anniversary revolution day of T'ang (Palaung)

May 21, 2013 – Statement of PNLO 1st Congress

Mar 26, 2013 – National Day Message

Mar 23, 2013 - PNLO Union Level Agreement (Burmese)

Mar 23, 2013 - PNLO Union Level Agreement (English)

Jan 01, 2012 - PNLO 2012 New Year Statement

Jan 31, 2011 - Statement of PNLO Annual Meeting

Sep 21, 2010 - PNLO Statement on International Day of Peace

Feb 27, 2010 - PNLO Statement on Pa-Oh-National Day

Feb 27, 2010 - PNLO Honorable Message for Pa Oh National Day

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