New Mon State Party
Armed wing: Mon National Liberation Army (MNLA)
Founded: July, 1958
Headquarters: Ye Chaung Phya, Mon state
Operational Area: Thaton, Paung, Chaungsone, Moulmein, Hpa-an, Kawkareik, Kyeikmayaw, Mudon, Thanbyuzayap, Ye, Yayphyu, Three Pagoda Pass, Mergui-Tavoy, and Kyar-Inn-Seik Gyi
Estimated strength: 800+ (2,000 reserved)
Mon separatists formed the Mon Peoples Front (MPF). The group was later reformed and renamed as the New Mon State Party (NMSP). Since 1949, the eastern hills of the state (as well as portions of Thaninthaya Division) have been under NMSP control. In 1995, they agreed to a ceasefire with the Myanmar government.
The NMSP tried unsuccessfully to promote constitutional and political reform through the National Convention until 2008. Communications broke down in April, 2010 after refusing to transform into a Border Guard Force (BGF). However the situation did not deteriorate into outright armed conﬂict. Negotiations during the past year led to the renewal of the ceaseﬁre agreement at the state-level and a commitment from the government to negotiate ceaseﬁre agreements with all non-state armed groups before the end of 2012 so that inclusive political dialogue can commence at the Union level.
The Myanmar military originally granted the group nominal control of an area of Mon state spread out over 12 cantonments, largely along the Ye River and two areas to the north in Thaton and Moulmein Districts. In addition they were also given 17 industrial concessions in areas such as logging, fishing, inland transportation and gold mining, and were also allowed to make trade agreements with companies in Malaysia and Singapore.
The Myanmar military recognized the creation of 3 refugee camps along the Thai-Myanmar border. These camps, based at Halochanee, Bee Ree, and Tavoy in Mon state, were supported by the Mon Relief and Development Committee (MRDC) with cross-border assistance from the Thai-Burma Border Consortium (TBBC) - now known as The Border Consortium (TBC)
The Myanmar military originally agreed to supply the NMSP with four million kyat (nearly US $3,500) in economic aid each month for the political body to function, however, this ended in 2005 after the NMSP boycotted the National Convention. A number of other concessions were also later withdrawn, most notably lucrative logging rights that were revoked in 1997 purportedly over the group’s signing of the Mae Tha Raw Hta agreement which had a provision supporting the NLD.
The NMSP fought alongside the KNU and was an active member of a number of ethnic alliance fronts including the National Democratic Front (NDF), the Democratic Alliance of Burma (DAB) and the National Council Union of Burma (NCUB) with the latter two including Burman pro-democracy groups.
On 5th of August 2009, Mon Revolution Day, the NMSP announced that it would not transform its armed wing into a Border Guard Force (BGF).
Central Committee members: 27
Central Military Committee: 7Commander in Chief: Brig. Gen. Layi Gakao
New Ceasefire: Feb. 1, 2012
8th resistance group to sign ceasefire with the new government
Stage 2: Union level peace talks
Previous ceasefire: June 29, 1995
Rejected the BGF scheme: April, 2010
Official delegation team
-official delegation team for outside the country: (Naing Hong Sa, Nai Tala Nyi, Nai Hong Sa Bun Thai)
-official delegation team for inside the country: (Nai Htaw Mon, Nai Rawsa, Nai Tala Nyi, Gen. Zay Ya, Nai Aung Min (S-1), Bri-Gen La Yi Kaung
NMSP's liaison offices opened in 1995 after the NMSP signed a ceasefire agreement with the SLORC. They were closed in April, 2010 after the NMSP rejected transforming into a BGF. All liaison offices reopened one day after the new ceasefire agreement on Feb. 26, 2012. (ceasefire stipulated that offices could only be opened in locations agreed by both sides)
Mon Peace Monitoring Group
Following a peace process monitoring workshop in Shwe Myint Moh Tun Hotel, Mawlamyine city, Mon state on 7 June 2013, 15 members were selected to run a peace monitoring group for Mon State.
About 120 representatives from Social Welfare minister of Mon State, Economic and Planning minister of Mon State, Mon affairs minister in Karen State, Politicians, Mon state MPs, businessmen, civic groups, youth groups and individuals attended the workshop.
|#||Date||Location||Armed Group Rep||Govt Rep||Details|
|1||06/10/2011||Ye Township, compound of govt. Infantry Unit No. 61||Nai Tala Nyi||Mon state Minister for Security and Border Affairs, Col.Htay Myint Aung||Preliminary meeting
The party also proposed that the government announce a nationwide ceasefire and to hold a dialogue with the UNFC [United Nationalities Federal Council] to solve political problems.
Other NMSP delegates: Nai Baya Lai; and Nai Hong Sar
Other govt. delegates: Colonel Tun Tun Nyi of the Southeast Command; and Mon state municipal officials
|2||13/11/2011||Ye Chaung Phya, NMSP headquarters||Nai Htaw Mon||5 member envoy from the Mon state Govt as peace create team (peace mediators)||Preliminary Meeting
There were discussions about avoiding clashes between their respective armies, opening liaison offices and cooperating in undertaking business and development projects in the state. The talks included an agreement that both sides would inform the other side in advance if one side wanted to enter the other’s control area with weapons.
Other NMSP delegates: Nai Rawsa, Nai Hong Sa
Govt Delegates: former NMSP central executive member Nai Tin Aung and former central committee member Nai Soe Myint; Mon National Democratic Front central executive member Nai Thet Lwin, Dr. Min Kyi Win, Buddhist Abbot Sayadaw Bhaddanta Kaytumarlar
|3||22/12/2011||Sankalaburi, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand||Nai Hong Sa||Aung Min||Preliminary Meeting
Other NMSP delegates: Bun Thai, Nai Banyar Leh, Nai Shwe Thein
|4||01/02/2012||Moulmein, Mon state||Nai Rawsa||Aung Min||State level 5 point Ceasefire
Other NMSP delegates: Bri-Gen La Yi Kaung, Nai, Tala Nyi, Maj. San Aye, Nai Arca
Other govt. delegates: Union Minister U Soe Thein, Union Minister U Zaw Min, State Chief Minister U Ohn Myint, Commander of South-East Command Maj-Gen Tin Maung Win, Mon state Minister for Security and Border Affairs Col Htay Myint Aung, the General Staff Officer (Grade-I) (People’s Militia), the Mon state Advocate-General, the secretary of Mon State Government and officials
|5||25/02/2012||Moulmein, Mon state||Nai Rawsa||Aung Min||Union level 4 point Ceasefire
Other NMSP delegates: Bri-Gen La Yi Kaung, Nai Tala Nyi, Maj. San Aye, Nai Arca
Other Govt. Delegates: Union Minister U Soe Thein, Union Minister U Zaw Min, Union Minister U Win Tun and State Chief Minister U Ohn Myint, Commander of South-East Command Maj-Gen Tin Maung Win, Deputy Minister for Border Affairs Maj-Gen Zaw Win, Mon state Security and Border Affairs Minister Col Htay Myint Aung, the general staff officer (Grade I) from Commander-in-Chief (Army) Office, the general staff officer (Grade I) (militia) of South-East Command, Mon State advocate-general and officials
|6||11/04/2012||Moulmein, Mon state||Nai Aung Min, Nai Tala Nyi||Aung Min||Union level meeting - perpetuation of ceasefire
Other Govt. Delegates: U Khin Yi from Union level peace-making group, State Chief Minister U Ohn Myint, Commander Maj-Gen Tin Maung Win, Lt-Col Zaw Naing Oo of the Office of the Commander-in Chief of Defence Services, Minister for Security and Border Affairs Col Htay Myint Aung from Union level peace-making group, the State Advocate-General, Lt-Col Kyaw Myint from the South-East Command, the Secretary of State Government, U Shwe Thaung from Region Development Supervisory Office,
|7||04/08/2013||Mawlamyaing||NMSP||MPC||For National accord agreement , MPC met the NMSP at Mawlamyaing informally|
|8||14/01/2014||Hpa-am||Karen Arms Groups 4 and NMSP||Khinn Yee, State Minister Zaw Min and immigrations officers||Govt and Karen arms groups and NMSP meet in pha am, karen state government office. Govt explain about the nationwide census, immigration law and asking for their cooperation for census.|
- To start political dialogue within 45 days of ceasefire.
- Allowing observers to participate in meetings.
- To start political dialogue between representatives of armed national races organizations and representatives of the government after ceasefire of all armed national races organizations. In case ceasefire is not secured with all the organizations till December 2012, to start the political dialogue between representatives of the ceasefire organizations and representatives of the government.
- To continue talks on national reconciliation, based on political compromises with participation of representatives of domestic national political parties and democratic forces.
- To initiate procedures for prompt implementation of agreement reached in the above-mentioned dialogue.
- To not extend military strength in Mon state and related areas in period of ceasefire.
- To work for stability and development of education, health and social sectors of the region in coordination with respective national races armed organizations and the government as the ceasefire comes into effect.
- To have the right to communicate with the public and help each others.
- To have the right to communicate with domestic political parties.
- To have the right to communicate with news agencies and media.
- To inform the public of outcomes of political dialogue as required.
- To conduct negotiation in advance in communicating with the foreign diplomats.
- To release all political prisoners remaining in the prisons and to free comrades of New Mon State Party in prisons with sympathy as well.
- To avoid forced labour by both sides, apart from volunteers. To solve problems of land confiscation by the Myanmar military.
- Releasing imprisoned party members including Nai Myo Thway and Nai Yekka
- To hold political dialogue
May 06, 2014 - British Ambassador Meets With Mon Political Parties and NMSP
January 30, 2013: The NMSP issued a statement on the intensive armed conflict in Kachin state
June 19, 2012: The NMSP has threatened to break its four-month-old ceasefire agreement with the Myanmar government if Naypyidaw fails to hold political talks with all the ethnic armed groups by the end of this year, according to the party secretary.
February 8, 2012: NMSP chairman said that the group will not sign a ceasefire with the Myanmar government while it continues to wage war against ethnic Kachins
Nai Hong Sar, the secretary of NMSP and the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC), told Mizzima in October 2011 that the NMSP wanted all discussions with the government to involve the UNFC while the government wanted to negotiate with the NMSP separately.
NMSP leaders had informal meetings with ethnic political leaders in 2012.
NMSP representatives met 88 generation leaders who visited Mon state (11 November 2012)
Nippon foundation -