Myanmar Peace Monitor

Rakhine State Crisis efforts

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Domestic and International responses to the Rakhine State crisis

gov action

12 Sept 2012: Rohingyas born in Myanmar are eligible to apply for citizenship if at least two generations of their families have lived in the country, Immigration Minister Khin Ye told the Radio Free Asia Burmese Service.

23 Sep 2012: Vice President Sai Mauk Kham told a workshop in Naypyitaw on rehabilitation, resettlement, rule of law and sustainable development in Rakhine State to draft a development blueprint for the resource-rich state, underlining its importance to the economically deprived area, which suffers widespread unemployment and poverty. The two-day workshop was jointly organized by the Ministry of Border Affairs, United Nations agencies and the Myanmar Development and Resources Institute.

community and party actions

25 Sept 2012: An estimated 3,000 people attended a two-day public forum focused on resolving the sectarian tensions between Arakanese Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims in a Buddhist monastery in Rathedaung, 20 miles north of the Arakan State capital Sittwe.

18 Sept 2012: The National League for Democracy (NLD) wants to allow the government to diffuse the explosive situation in Arakan (Rakhine) State to bring about a peaceful settlement, party leader Aung San Suu Kyi said. She added the NLD is not in a position to decide what to do and how to operate because it is not the party in power.

inves comm on communal

Formed: 17 Aug 2012
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27 members of the government-sanctioned commission

  • Dr. Myo Myint, chairman
  • Dr. Kyaw Yin Hlaing, Myanmar Egress
  • Maung Wuntha, journalist
  • Zarganar, comedian
  • Ko Ko Gyi, 88 Generation leader
  • Dr. Yin Yin New, retired UNICEF senior officer
  • Aung Tha Aung, Arakan League for Democracy
  • Dr. Aye Maung, Rakhine Nationalities Development Party
  • Khun Tun Oo, Shan Nationalities League for Democracy
  • Than Than Nu, Democratic Party (Myanmar)]
  • Khin Maung Swe, National Democratic Force
  • Aung Naing Oo, Vahu Development Institute
  • Tun Aung Chein, Myanmar National Human Rights Commission
  • Others include Muslim and Christian religious leaders, law experts and business people.

The Commission made its first tour to the affected regions from September 8-15, 2012 and gave a press conference on September 17, 2012. It announced it would form 8 sub-committees to investigate specific tasks to compile a detailed report for the president. The initial deadline was September 17 but has been postponed several times. It was finally officially released on April 27, 2013.

pdf logoRakhine Commission Report (Myanmar)

pdf logoEnglish Recommendations

anti rohingya protests

2-4 Sept 2012, Mandalay: A reported 5000 Buddhist monks in Mandalay marched in support of President Thein Sein's suggestion to deport Muslim minority Rohingya.

international res to rakhine state crisis

The Rakhine state crisis has received immense international attention and assistance from various sources. UN humanitarian agencies and foreign aid teams have been monitoring, coordinating international aid and providing assistance for refugees resulting from the communal conflict. Muslim countries and the Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC) has been especially active in trying to provide assistance to Rohingya victims. The OIC appointed the former Indonesian Vice President Jusuf Kalla as the special envoy to Myanmar to oversee matters involving the sectarian violence. On Sept.11, 2012 a memorandum was signed to open 2 OIC Offices for Humanitarian Affairs - one in Rakhine state and another in Yangon. However it was cancelled after thousands of Buddhist monks and other people protested against the opening of the offices in Mandalay, Yangon, Rakhine state and the US.

Country Descripon Amount
Australia administered by CARE Australia US$ 1 Mil
EU aid for both Rakhine and Kachin € 5.5 Mil
India Rakhine Chief Minister Hla Maung Tin said aid for both Rakhine and Rohingya vis US$ 200,000
Indonesia official aid
Indonesian Red Cross sent a team of aid workers
US$ 1 Mil
500 hygiene kits, 3,000 blankets and 10,000 sarongs
Iran members of Majlis (the Iranian Parliament), the Iranian Foreign Ministry, Imam Khomeini’s Relief Committee, and the Iranian Red Crescent Society (Sent one shipment) food, tents, blankets, and other basic commodies to be distributed to Muslims
Total weight: 24 tons
Malaysia Putra 1Malaysia Club, collected and transported relief supplies aid package
Total weight: 500 tons
New Zealand for distribution to conflict areas of Rakhine state NZ$ 1 Mil
Qatar Qatar Red Crescent undertook relief efforts in Rakh- ine province with assistance provided by the Qatar government US$ 1.5 Mil
Saudi Saudi King Abdullah donated money to be distributed by the UNHCR for Rohingyas
the Khalifa Bin Zayed Humanitarian Foundation, under the directives of President His Highness Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan
US$ 50 Mil

3 ambulance vehicles and 1,300 tons of basic relief items
South Korea for Rohingya refugees to be distributed by the UNHCR, oered more donations if needed 700 tents estimated value: US$ 200,000
Turkey the prime minister’s Disaster and Emergency Management Directorate, the Turkish Religious Affairs Foundation and the Kimse Yok Mu Association, a charitable foundation donated to Rohingya Muslims, Turkish Foreign Minister distributed humanitarian aid administered by the Red Crescent which consists of kitchen sets and food during a visit in August, 2012, sent relief assistance in October, 2012 60 million Turkish lira (US$ 33 million)
Sent 30 tons of humanitarian aid, included 2,280 boxes of candy, 960 packages of instant raon, 11,000 bags of biscuits, 500 boxes of slippers, 1,000 bales of clothes, 1,000 items of staon- ary and 500 boxes of toys
USA U.N. agencies in Rakhine State
WFP and Save the Children
US$ 2.73 Mil
US$ 4.2 Mil
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